Relationships between paraoxon and 2-coumaranone hydrolytic activities in sera genotyped for PON1 Q192R polymorphism

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Teramo, Teramo, Italy.
Clinical biochemistry (Impact Factor: 2.28). 08/2009; 42(15):1512-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2009.07.006
Source: PubMed


To set-up a method for a direct evaluation in human serum of paraoxonase enzymatic activities, establishing a possible correlation with Q192R genotype polymorphism.
101 different human serum samples were genotyped for paraoxonase Q192R polymorphism by PCR restriction analysis, and evaluated spectrophotometrically with regard to paraoxon and 2-coumaranone hydrolytic activities. Both activities of paraoxonase were assayed, quantified through normalization by arylesterase activity, and compared with the data concerning Q/R genetic polymorphism.
The mean normalized paraoxonase activity was found to be significantly higher in RR than in QQ human sera (3.99+/-0.6 versus 1.32+/-0.44; P<0.0001); instead, the 2-coumaranone hydrolysis showed an opposite trend (0.10+/-0.02 versus 0.23+/-0.04, in RR and QQ sera respectively; P<0.0001).
These methods were successfully applied to the whole serum, suggesting a possible use of this approach for a clinically relevant phenotypic characterization.

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