Gene expression of paired abdominal adipose AQP7 and liver AQP9 in patients with morbid obesity: relationship with glucose abnormalities.
ABSTRACT The trafficking of glycerol from adipose and hepatic tissue is mainly mediated by 2 aquaporin channel proteins: AQP7 and AQP9, respectively. In rodents, both aquaporins were found to act in a coordinated manner. The aim was to study the relationship between adipose AQP7 and hepatic AQP9 messenger RNA expression and the presence of glucose abnormalities simultaneously in morbid obesity. Adipose tissue (subcutaneous [SAT] and visceral [VAT]) and liver biopsies from the same patient were obtained during bariatric surgery in 30 (21 male and 9 female) morbidly obese subjects. Real-time quantification of AQP7 in SAT and VAT and hepatic AQP9 gene expression were performed. A 75-g oral glucose tolerance test was performed in all subjects. The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance and lipidic profile were also determined. Visceral adipose tissue AQP7 expression levels were significantly higher than SAT AQP7 (P = .009). Subcutaneous adipose tissue AQP7 positively correlated with both VAT AQP7 and hepatic AQP9 messenger RNA expression (r = 0.44, P = .013 and r = 0.45, P = .012, respectively). The correlation between SAT AQP7 and liver AQP9 was stronger in intolerant and type 2 diabetes mellitus subjects (r = 0.602, P = .011). We have found no differences in compartmental AQP7 adipose tissue distribution or AQP9 hepatic gene expression according to glucose tolerance classification. The present study provides, for the first time, evidence of coordinated regulation between adipose aquaglyceroporins, with a greater expression found in visceral fat, and between subcutaneous adipose AQP7 and hepatic AQP9 gene expression within the context of human morbid obesity.
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ABSTRACT: Glycerol production and its efflux from adipocytes to the liver are key to modulate lipid and glucose homeostasis. Aquaporin 7 (AQP7) is an aquaglyceroporin that acts as the adipose glycerol channel, whereas aquaporin 9 (AQP9) is the specific channel operating in the liver. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the effect of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on gene expression levels of AQP7 in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and AQP9 in liver. VAT and liver biopsies obtained from 20 women were used in the study. Patients were classified as lean or obese with the last group being further subclassified as normoglycemic (NG), patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), or with T2DM. Anthropometric measurements as well as circulating metabolites, hormones, and adipokines were determined. Real-time polymerase chain reaction analyses were performed to quantify transcript levels of AQP7 in VAT and AQP9 in the liver. Gene expression levels of AQP7 in VAT showed a tendency toward an increase (P = 0.065) in obese patients (both NG and T2DM) compared to lean subjects. AQP9 showed a significant downregulation in the hepatic biopsies obtained from obese T2DM patients compared to obese NG and IGT patients (P = 0.028). The tendency toward an elevation of mRNA expression of VAT AQP7 in obesity together with the decreased hepatic AQP9 expression observed in obese T2DM subjects suggests a potential role in facilitating glycerol release from adipose tissue and reducing glycerol entry into hepatocytes in obesity and T2DM, respectively.Obesity Surgery 07/2008; 18(6):695-701. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Lipolysis of adipose tissue triglycerides releases glycerol. Twenty-four volunteers, of whom 6 were obese and 13 were women, received a primed-constant infusion of 2H5-glycerol for 120 min during postabsorptive steady-state conditions. Arterial, abdominal venous, and interstitial (microdialysis) samples were taken, and a four-compartment model was applied to assess subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue glycerol kinetics. Adipose tissue blood flow was measured using 133Xe washout. Venous glycerol concentrations (median 230 micromol/l [interquartile range 210-268]) were consistently greater than those of arterial blood (69.1 micromol/l [56.5-85.5]), while glycerol isotopic enrichments (tracer-to-tracee ratio) were greater in arterial blood (8.34% [7.44-10.1]) than venous blood (2.34% [1.71-2.69], P < 0.01). Microdialysate glycerol enrichment was 1.44% (1.11-1.79), indicating incomplete permeability of glycerol between capillary blood and interstitium. Calculated interstitial glycerol concentrations were between 270 micromol/l (256-350) and 332 micromol/l (281-371) (examining different boundary conditions). The calculated capillary diffusion capacity (ps) was between 2.21 ml . 100 g tissue(-1) . min(-1) (1.31-3.13) and 3.09 ml . 100 g tissue(-1) . min(-1) (1.52-4.90) and correlated inversely with adiposity (Rs< or = -0.45, P < 0.05). Our results support previous estimates of interstitial glycerol concentration within adipose tissue and reveal capillary diffusion capacity is reduced in obesity.Diabetes 07/2005; 54(7):1934-41. · 7.90 Impact Factor
- Journal of Biological Chemistry 09/2003; 278(33):30413-6. · 4.65 Impact Factor