Activation of mTORC1 signaling pathway in AIDS-related lymphomas.
ABSTRACT Using immunohistochemistry with antibodies against the phosphoserine residues in both S6rp and 4E binding protein 1, we identified the activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTORC)1 pathway in 29 cases of AIDS-related lymphoma. These cases represented a diverse spectrum of histological types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (24 cases) and classic Hodgkin lymphoma (five cases). mTORC1 was also activated in the hyperplastic but not involuted follicles of HIV-associated lymphadenopathy in eight cases, supporting the notion that mTORC1 activation is a common feature of transformed lymphocytes irrespective of either their reactive or malignant phenotype. We also found that in B-cell lines that represent diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma, Epstein-Barr virus-infected lymphocytes, and human herpesvirus 8-positive primary effusion lymphoma, inhibitors of Syk, MEK, and, seemingly, phosphoinositide 3 kinases suppressed mTORC1 activation, in particular when these inhibitors were used in combination. These findings indicate that AIDS-related lymphoma and other histologically similar types of lymphomas that are derived from transformed B lymphocytes may display clinical responses to inhibitors that directly target mTORC1 or, possibly, upstream activators of the mTORC1 pathway.
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ABSTRACT: Control of translation initiation is one means by which cells regulate growth and proliferation, with components of the protein-synthesizing machinery having oncogenic potential. Expression of latency protein LMP2A by the human tumor virus Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) activates phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt located upstream of an essential mediator of growth signals, mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin). We show that mTOR is activated by expression of LMP2A in carcinoma cells, leading to wortmannin- and rapamycin-sensitive inhibition of the negative regulator of translation, eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1, and increased c-Myc protein translation. Intervention by this DNA tumor virus in cellular translational controls is likely to be an integral component of EBV tumorigenesis.Journal of Virology 06/2005; 79(9):5499-506. · 5.40 Impact Factor
Article: Stimulation of macrophage Fc gamma RIIIA activates the receptor-associated protein tyrosine kinase Syk and induces phosphorylation of multiple proteins including p95Vav and p62/GAP-associated protein.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The role of tyrosine phosphorylation during signal transduction by the phagocytic macrophage (Mphi) FcR Fc gamma RIIIA was investigated. Cross-linking Fc gamma RIIIA on pulmonary Mphi or cultured monocytes used as in vitro model for differentiated Mphi induced rapid and transient phosphorylation of multiple protein substrates. The lymphocyte/mast cell 72-kDa protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) designated PTK72 or Syk, whose expression in Mphi was previously unknown, was identified as a major substrate by immunoprecipitation and phosphopeptide mapping. Activation of Fc gamma RIIIA stimulated a fourfold increase in Syk kinase activity assessed by autophosphorylation. Under mild lysis conditions several specific proteins were co-precipitated with the gamma subunit of Fc gamma RIIIA. Tyrosine kinase activity was also co-precipitated with gamma, as shown by in vitro phosphorylation of gamma. One of these kinases was identified as Syk by phosphopeptide mapping, suggesting a physical association between this PTK and the receptor. Two additional phosphoproteins induced by Fc gamma RIIIA cross-linking were identified: the hematopoietic proto-oncogene product p95Vav, previously implicated in B lymphocyte and mast cell signaling; and p62, a protein associated with p21Ras-GAP. Our results also establish that there are important functional similarities in signal transduction between a phagocytic Mphi FcR and other multi-subunit Ig gene family receptors in diverse cell lineages.The Journal of Immunology 07/1994; 152(11):5429-37. · 5.79 Impact Factor