Volatile constituents throughout Brassica oleracea L. Var. acephala germination.
ABSTRACT In this work, the volatile composition of kale ( Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala) and its variation during germination were monitored during the first 9 days of seedling development by headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) combined with gas chromatography/ion trap-mass spectrometry (GC/IT-MS). Differences were found among the materials in the distinct analyzed periods. A total of 66 volatile compounds, distributed in several chemical classes, were determined: alcohols, carbonyl compounds (ketones, aldehydes, and esters), norisoprenoids, and terpenes, among others, sulfur compounds being the most abundant group in seeds and sprouts that exhibited allyl isothiocyanate as the major compound. Leaves of fully developed ground plant had the highest content of norisoprenoids, alcohols, and carbonyl compounds; in opposition, they showed lower levels of sulfur compounds, suggesting that these are important molecules for the development of kale, whereas the others are produced mainly during its growth.
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ABSTRACT: This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan, sub-licensing, systematic supply, or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents will be complete or accurate or up to date. The accuracy of any instructions, formulae, and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand, or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of this material.Journal of Essential Oil Research 01/2012; · 0.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Physical properties, microbiological quality and volatile compounds of sous-vide-processed carrots and Brussels sprouts were analysed after 1, 5 and 10 days of refrigerated storage. Similar analyses were performed on raw and steamed carrots and Brussels sprout for comparison. Sous-vide carrots were firmer than steamed and firmness increased during storage. Similar values of colour indices were obtained for both steamed and sous-vide carrots, which also showed an increase of redness and colour saturation during storage. Aerobic and anaerobic counts of raw carrots were significantly reduced both by steaming and sous-vide procedures at values lower than 1 log cfu/g; these values were maintained until the end of storage. Among volatiles, terpenes were better preserved in sous-vide than steamed carrots, but all volatile fractions were significantly affected during storage. Steamed Brussels sprouts were softer and greener than sous-vide-processed ones, but softening and loss of green of the latter increased under vacuum storage. Microbiological counts of raw products were more efficiently reduced by sous-vide procedures than steaming. Higher amounts of nitriles and terpenes were shown in sous-vide vegetables in comparison to steamed, whereas thiocyanates and isothiocyanates occurred in lower quantities. Volatiles were not affected during 5 days of storage.Food and Bioprocess Technology 11/2013; 6(11):3076-3087. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: As a very popular sample preparation technique, solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled with various analytical instrumentation, has been widely used for the determination of trace levels of different plant compounds, such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from the different plant organs, and environmental contaminants in plants. In this review, recent applications of in vitro and in vivo SPME in plant analysis are discussed and summarized according to the different organs of plants, including fruits, flowers, leaves, stems, roots and seeds, and the whole plant as well. Future developments and applications of SPME in plant analysis, especially in vivo sampling approaches, are also prospected.Analytica chimica acta 09/2013; 794:1-14. · 4.31 Impact Factor