Article

Inhibitory Effect of Somatostatin-14 on L-Type Voltage-Gated Calcium Channels in Cultured Cone Photoreceptors Requires Intracellular Calcium

Department of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, 4458 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-4458, USA.
Journal of Neurophysiology (Impact Factor: 3.04). 08/2009; 102(3):1801-10. DOI: 10.1152/jn.00354.2009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The inhibitory effects of somatostatin have been well documented for many physiological processes. The action of somatostatin is through G-protein-coupled receptor-mediated second-messenger signaling, which in turn affects other downstream targets including ion channels. In the retina, somatostatin is released from a specific class of amacrine cells. Here we report that there was a circadian phase-dependent effect of somatostatin-14 (SS14) on the L-type voltage-gated calcium channels (L-VGCCs) in cultured chicken cone photoreceptors, and our study reveals that this process is dependent on intracellular calcium stores. Application of 500 nM SS14 for 2 h caused a decrease in L-VGCC currents only during the subjective night but not the subjective day. We then explored the cellular mechanisms underlying the circadian phase-dependent effect of SS14. The inhibitory effect of SS14 on L-VGCCs was mediated through the pertussis-toxin-sensitive G-protein-dependent somatostatin receptor 2 (sst2). Activation of sst2 by SS14 further activated downstream signaling involving phospholipase C and intracellular calcium stores. Mobilization of intracellular Ca2+ was required for somatostatin induced inhibition of photoreceptor L-VGCCs, suggesting that somatostatin plays an important role in the modulation of photoreceptor physiology.

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    Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 04/2011, Degree: Doctor of Philosophy, Supervisor: Dr. Wallace B. Thoreson