Oxygen tissue saturation is lower in nonsurvivors than in survivors after early resuscitation of septic shock.
ABSTRACT Growing evidence suggests that the microvascular dysfunction is the key element of the pathogenesis of septic shock. This study's purpose was to explore whether the outcome of septic shock patients after early resuscitation using early goal-directed therapy is related to their muscle tissue oxygenation.
Tissue oxygen saturation (Sto2) was monitored in septic shock patients using a tissue spectrometer (InSpectra Model 325; Hutchinson Technology, Hutchinson, MN). For the purpose of this retrospective study, the Sto2 values were collected at the first measurement done after the macrohemodynamic variables (mean arterial pressure, urine output, central venous saturation in oxygen) were optimized.
After the hemodynamic variables were corrected, no difference was observed between the nonsurvivors and survivors, with the exception of pulse oximetry saturation (94% [92-97%] vs. 97% [94-99%], P = 0.04). The Sto2 values were significantly lower in the nonsurvivors than in the survivors (73% [68-82%] vs. 84% [81-90%], P = 0.02). No correlations were found between the Sto2 and Spo2 (P = 0.7).
In septic shock patients, tissue oxygen saturation below 78% is associated with increased mortality at day 28. Further investigations are required to determine whether the correction of an impaired level of tissue oxygen saturation may improve the outcome of these patients.
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ABSTRACT: Thenar eminence tissue oxygen saturation (StO(2)) was developed to assess organ perfusion. However, mottling, a strong predictor of mortality in septic shock, develops preferentially around the knee. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of StO(2) measured around the knee in septic shock patients and compare it to thenar StO(2). This was a prospective observational study in a tertiary teaching hospital. All consecutive patients with septic shock were included. Parameters were recorded when vasopressors were started (H0) and every 6 h during 24 h. Their predictive value was assessed on 14-day mortality. Fifty-two patients were included. SOFA score was 11 (9-15) and SAPS II was 56 (40-72). At 6 h after ICU admission (H6), mean arterial pressure, cardiac index, and central venous pressure were not different between non-survivors and survivors; but non-survivors had higher arterial lactate level (8.8 ± 5.0 vs. 2.2 ± 1.5 mmol/l, P < 0.001), lower urinary output (0.22 ± 0.45 vs. 0.70 ± 0.50 ml/kg/h, P < 0.001) and ScvO(2) (62 ± 20 vs. 72 ± 9 %, P = 0.03). At H6, StO(2) was lower in non-survivors; this difference was not significant for thenar StO(2) (70 ± 15 vs. 77 ± 12 %, P = 0.10) but was very pronounced for knee StO(2) (39 ± 23 vs. 71 ± 12 %, P < 0.001). At H6, a low knee StO(2) was associated with a higher mottling score (P < 0.01), a higher lactate level (P < 0.002, R (2) = 0.2), and a lower urinary output (P = 0.02, R (2) = 0.12). After initial septic shock resuscitation, StO(2) measured around the knee is a strong predictive factor of 14-day mortality.European Journal of Intensive Care Medicine 04/2012; 38(6):976-83. · 5.17 Impact Factor
International Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing 02/2013;