Anterior Double Plating for Rigid Fixation of Isolated Tibiotalar Arthrodesis
ABSTRACT Arthrodesis is the most common procedure used to treat end-stage osteoarthritis of the ankle, particularly in patients with difficult conditions such as poor bone quality. While many techniques are available to fuse the ankle, current recommendations favor the use of internal fixation with screws and/or plates. Despite of progress, the complication rate remains a major concern. Non-union is one difficult problem especially with difficult bone conditions, particularly the loss of bone stock on the talar side. Therefore, fusion of the tibiotalar joint is often extended to the talocalcaneal joint to provide sufficient stability. To preserve the subtalar joint, an anterior double plate system for rigid fixation of isolated tibiotalar arthrodesis was developed. This is a preliminary report on the clinical and radiological outcome with this technique.
Twenty-nine patients (15 men, 14 women; one ankle per patient) were treated from October 2006 to September 2007. We converted 16 ankles with osteoarthritis and difficult bone conditions, four non-united ankle arthrodeses, and nine failed total ankle replacements to an isolated tibiotalar arthrodesis using anterior double plating. If necessary, we used solid allograft to fill bony defects. Outcomes included bone union as assessed by radiographs, pain as indicated by the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society scores, and patient satisfaction.
Solid arthrodesis was achieved after an average of 12.3 (eight to 26) weeks in the 16 ankles without bone graft interposed between the tibia and talus, and 14.3 (range, 8 to 26) weeks in the 13 ankles with interpositional bone allograft. Radiographs showed that the position of arthrodesis obtained at the time of surgery did not change in any patient up to one year after surgery. The mean American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Hindfoot Score increased from 37 (range, 20 to 63) preoperatively to 68 (range, 50 to 92) at the last followup. Twenty-seven patients (93%) were satisfied with their outcome and indicated they would have the operation again. No complications were noted.
The anterior double plating system was shown be a reliable method to achieve solid isolated tibiotalar arthrodesis, even in ankles with difficult conditions such as loss of bone stock due to failed total ankle arthroplasty.
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ABSTRACT: While autogenous cancellous iliac crest bone graft is the gold standard for foot and ankle surgery, it lacks Level I evidence. Although one third of all graft cases performed in the United States today rely on allograft, some surgeons believe no graft is necessary. We hypothesized that a systematic review of the foot and ankle literature would reveal that 1) autogenous bone graft during foot and ankle arthrodesis would demonstrate healing rates that were superior to the use of either using allograft or no bone graft at all, and 2) these differences would be even more dramatic in patients having risk factors that impair bone healing. To our knowledge, neither of these assessments to date has ever been performed with this body of literature. The goal of this study was to review the use and union rates of bone graft during foot and ankle arthrodesis and determine if autogenous bone graft was superior.
Gait & Posture 06/2014; 39:S97-S98. DOI:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2014.04.135 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Joint-preserving, realignment surgical procedures have gained increasing popularity as treatment of asymmetric early- and mid-stage ankle osteoarthritis. The aim of the present study was to quantify bilateral gait biomechanics in patients who underwent ankle realignment surgery by supramalleolar osteotomies. Eight patients, a minimum of 7 years after realignment surgery, and 8 healthy controls were included in this study. Three-dimensional instrumented gait analysis was used to assess spatiotemporal parameters, bilateral joint angles, and moments. Furthermore, a clinical evaluation on pain, ankle function, and quality of life was performed. Compared with the healthy controls, the patients walked more slowly, had a smaller sagittal hindfoot range of motion on their affected leg, and had a lower peak ankle dorsiflexion moment (P < .05). There were no significant differences compared with controls for the ranges of motion in the foot segments of the nonaffected foot and for the knee and hip joint ranges of motion and peak moments of both legs. Additionally, patients and controls did not differ in the quality of life score. However, in the pain subscore, the patients reported significantly more pain than the healthy persons. Despite different gait biomechanics of the affected foot after ankle realignment surgery, the quality of life for patients was comparable to that of healthy controls. Therefore, supramalleolar osteotomies should be considered as a promising treatment option in patients with asymmetric non-end-stage ankle osteoarthritis. Prognostic level III, comparative study. © The Author(s) 2015.03/2015; DOI:10.1177/1071100715577371