Manipulating large-scale Arabidopsis microarray expression data: identifying dominant expression patterns and biological process enrichment.
ABSTRACT A series of large-scale Arabidopsis thaliana microarray expression experiments profiling genome-wide expression across different developmental stages, cell types, and environmental conditions have resulted in tremendous amounts of gene expression data. This gene expression is the output of complex transcriptional regulatory networks and provides a starting point for identifying the dominant transcriptional regulatory modules acting within the plant. Highly co-expressed groups of genes are likely to be regulated by similar transcription factors. Therefore, finding these co-expressed groups can reduce the dimensionality of complex expression data into a set of dominant transcriptional regulatory modules. Determining the biological significance of these patterns is an informatics challenge and has required the development of new methods. Using these new methods we can begin to understand the biological information contained within large-scale expression data sets.
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ABSTRACT: The development of multicellular organisms relies on the coordinated control of cell divisions leading to proper patterning and growth. The molecular mechanisms underlying pattern formation, particularly the regulation of formative cell divisions, remain poorly understood. In Arabidopsis, formative divisions generating the root ground tissue are controlled by SHORTROOT (SHR) and SCARECROW (SCR). Here we show, using cell-type-specific transcriptional effects of SHR and SCR combined with data from chromatin immunoprecipitation-based microarray experiments, that SHR regulates the spatiotemporal activation of specific genes involved in cell division. Coincident with the onset of a specific formative division, SHR and SCR directly activate a D-type cyclin; furthermore, altering the expression of this cyclin resulted in formative division defects. Our results indicate that proper pattern formation is achieved through transcriptional regulation of specific cell-cycle genes in a cell-type- and developmental-stage-specific context. Taken together, we provide evidence for a direct link between developmental regulators, specific components of the cell-cycle machinery and organ patterning.Nature 07/2010; 466(7302):128-32. · 38.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The switch to reproductive development is biphasic in many plants, a feature important for optimal pollination and yield. We show that dual opposite roles of the phytohormone gibberellin underpin this phenomenon in Arabidopsis. Although gibberellin promotes termination of vegetative development, it inhibits flower formation. To overcome this effect, the transcription factor LEAFY induces expression of a gibberellin catabolism gene; consequently, increased LEAFY activity causes reduced gibberellin levels. This allows accumulation of gibberellin-sensitive DELLA proteins. The DELLA proteins are recruited by SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE transcription factors to regulatory regions of the floral commitment gene APETALA1 and promote APETALA1 up-regulation and floral fate synergistically with LEAFY. The two opposing functions of gibberellin may facilitate evolutionary and environmental modulation of plant inflorescence architecture.Science 05/2014; 344(6184):638-41. · 31.20 Impact Factor
Dataset: Yamaguchi N Science 2014 suppl