Electrical microfluidic pressure gauge for elastomer microelectromechanical systems.
ABSTRACT We report on an electrical microfluidic pressure gauge. A polydimethylsiloxane microvalve closes at a characteristic applied pressure determined by the material's properties and the valve's dimensions. Hence, when the same pressure is applied to all valves of a heterogeneous valve array, some valves close while others remain open. The state of the array is combined with knowledge of the respective characteristic closing pressures of the individual valves to yield an estimate of the applied pressure. The state of each valve is obtained by electrical measurements, since the electrical resistance of the respective underlying fluid-filled channel increases by at least two orders of magnitude as the valve closes and its insulating elastomer material interrupts the electrical circuit. The overall system functions as a pressure gauge with electrical readout. This device would be a critical component in active pressure-regulation loops in future integrated microfluidic systems.
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ABSTRACT: Here we describe the development of a high-throughput multi-antigen microfluidic fluorescence immunoassay system. A 100-chamber polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) chip performs up to 5 tests for each of 10 samples. In this particular study system, the specificity of detection was demonstrated, and calibration curves were produced for C-reactive protein (CRP), prostate-specific antigen (PSA), ferritin, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The measurements show sensitivity at and below clinically normal levels (with a signal-to-noise ratio >8 at as low as 10 pM antigen concentration). The chip uses 100 nL per sample for all tests. The developed system is an important step toward derivative immunoassay applications in scientific research and "point-of-care" testing in medicine.BioTechniques 01/2006; 40(1):85-90. · 2.67 Impact Factor