Tetraspanin12 regulates ADAM10-dependent cleavage of amyloid precursor protein
ABSTRACT Using mass spectrometry, we identified ADAM10 (a membrane-associated metalloproteinase) as a partner for TSPAN12, a tetraspanin protein. TSPAN12-ADAM10 interaction was confirmed by reciprocal coimmunoprecipitation in multiple tumor cell lines. TSPAN12, to a greater extent than other tetraspanins (CD81, CD151, CD9, and CD82), associated with ADAM10 but not with ADAM17. Overexpression of TSPAN12 enhanced ADAM10-dependent shedding of amyloid precursor protein (APP) in MCF7 (breast cancer) and SH-SY5Y (neuroblastoma) cell lines. Conversely, siRNA ablation of endogenous TSPAN12 markedly diminished APP proteolysis in both cell lines. Furthermore, TSPAN12 overexpression enhanced ADAM10 prodomain maturation, whereas TSPAN12 ablation diminished ADAM10 maturation. A palmitoylation-deficient TSPAN12 mutant failed to associate with ADAM10, inhibited ADAM10-dependent proteolysis of APP, and inhibited ADAM10 maturation, most likely by interfering with endogenous wild-type TSPAN12. In conclusion, TSPAN12 serves as a novel and robust partner for ADAM10 and promotes ADAM10 maturation, thereby facilitating ADAM10-dependent proteolysis of APP. This novel mode of regulating APP cleavage is of relevance to Alzheimer's disease therapy.
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ABSTRACT: Tetraspanin CD151 interacts with laminin-binding integrins (i.e., α3β1, α6β1 and α6β4) and other cell surface molecules to control diverse cellular and physiological processes, ranging from cell adhesion, migration and survival to tissue architecture and homeostasis. Here, we report a novel role of CD151 in maintaining the branching morphogenesis and activity of progenitor cells during the pubertal development of mammary glands. In contrast to the disruption of laminin-binding integrins, CD151 removal in mice enhanced the tertiary branching in mammary glands by 2.4-fold and the number of terminal end buds (TEBs) by 30%, while having minimal influence on either primary or secondary ductal branching. Consistent with these morphological changes are the skewed distribution of basal/myoepithelial cells and a 3.2-fold increase in proliferating Ki67-positive cells. These novel observations suggest that CD151 impacts the branching morphogenesis of mammary glands by upregulating the activities of bipotent progenitor cells. Indeed, our subsequent analyses indicate that upon CD151 removal the proportion of CD24(Hi)CD49f(Low) progenitor cells in the mammary gland increased by 34%, and their proliferating and differentiating activities were significantly upregulated. Importantly, fibronectin, a pro-branching extracellular matrix (ECM) protein deposited underlying mammary epithelial or progenitor cells, increased by >7.2-fold. Moreover, there was a concomitant increase in the expression and nuclear distribution of Slug, a transcription factor implicated in the maintenance of mammary progenitor cell activities. Taken together, our studies demonstrate that integrin-associated CD151 represses mammary branching morphogenesis by controlling progenitor cell activities, ECM integrity and transcription program.Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.) 09/2014; 13(17):2707-2722. DOI:10.4161/15384101.2015.945823 · 5.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Acute and chronic lung inflammation are driven and controlled by several endogenous mediators that undergo proteolytic conversion from surface expressed proteins to soluble variants by a disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) family members. TNF and epidermal growth factor receptor ligands are just some of the many substrates by which these proteases regulate inflammatory or regenerative processes in the lung. ADAM10 and ADAM17 are the most prominent members of this protease family. They are constitutively expressed in most lung cells and - as recent research has shown - are the pivotal shedding enzymes mediating acute lung inflammation in a cell-specific manner. ADAM17 promotes endothelial and epithelial permeability, transendothelial leukocyte migration, and inflammatory mediator production by smooth muscle and epithelial cells. ADAM10 is critical for leukocyte migration and alveolar leukocyte recruitment. ADAM10 also promotes allergic asthma by driving B-cell responses. Additionally, ADAM10 acts as a receptor for Staphylococcus aureus α-toxin and is crucial for bacterial virulence. ADAM8, ADAM9, ADAM15 and ADAM33 are upregulated during acute or chronic lung inflammation, and recent functional or genetic analyses have linked them to disease development. Pharmacological inhibitors that allow to locally or systemically target and differentiate ADAM-family members in the lung suppress acute and asthmatic inflammatory responses and S. aureus virulence. These promising results encourage further research to develop therapeutic strategies based on selected ADAMs. These studies need also to address the role of the ADAMs in repair and regeneration in the lung to identify further therapeutic opportunities and possible side effects. Copyright © 2014, American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology.AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 12/2014; 308(4):ajplung.00294.2014. DOI:10.1152/ajplung.00294.2014 · 4.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Communication between cancer cells and their microenvironment controls cancer progression. Although the tumor suppressor p53 functions in a cell-autonomous manner, it has also recently been shown to function in a non-cell-autonomous fashion. Although functional defects have been reported in p53 in stromal cells surrounding cancer, including mutations in the p53 gene and decreased p53 expression, the role of p53 in stromal cells during cancer progression remains unclear. We herein show that the expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), a marker of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), was increased by the ablation of p53 in lung fibroblasts. CAFs enhanced the invasion and proliferation of lung cancer cells when cocultured with p53-depleted fibroblasts and required contact between cancer and stromal cells. A comprehensive analysis using a DNA chip revealed that tetraspanin 12 (TSPAN12), which belongs to the tetraspanin protein family, was derepressed by p53 knockdown. TSPAN12 knockdown in p53-depleted fibroblasts inhibited cancer cell proliferation and invasion elicited by coculturing with p53-depleted fibroblasts in vitro, and inhibited tumor growth in vivo. It also decreased CXC chemokine ligand 6 (CXCL6) secretion through the β-catenin signaling pathway, suggesting that cancer cell contact with TSPAN12 in fibroblasts transduced β-catenin signaling into fibroblasts, leading to the secretion of CXCL6 to efficiently promote invasion. These results suggest that stroma-derived p53 plays a pivotal role in epithelial cancer progression and that TSPAN12 and CXCL6 are potential targets for lung cancer therapy.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 12/2014; DOI:10.1073/pnas.1412062112 · 9.81 Impact Factor