Metabolomics for assessment of nutritional status.

Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.
Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care 10/2009; 12(5):501-7. DOI: 10.1097/MCO.0b013e32832f1916
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The current rise in diet-related diseases continues to be one of the most significant health problems facing both the developed and the developing world. The use of metabolomics - the accurate and comprehensive measurement of a significant fraction of important metabolites in accessible biological fluids - for the assessment of nutritional status is a promising way forward. The basic toolset, targets and knowledge are all being developed in the emerging field of metabolomics, yet important knowledge and technology gaps will need to be addressed in order to bring such assessment to practice.
Dysregulation within the principal metabolic organs (e.g. intestine, adipose, skeletal muscle and liver) are at the center of a diet-disease paradigm that includes metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes and obesity. The assessment of both essential nutrient status and the more comprehensive systemic metabolic response to dietary, lifestyle and environmental influences (e.g. metabolic phenotype) are necessary for the evaluation of status in individuals that can identify the multiple targets of intervention needed to address metabolic disease.
The first proofs of principle building the knowledge to bring actionable metabolic diagnostics to practice through metabolomics are now appearing.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The human metabolome is a measurable outcome of interactions among an individual's inherited genome, microbiome, and dietary intake. We explored the relationship between dietary intake and serum untargeted metabolomic profiles in a subsample of 1,977 African Americans from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study in 1987-1989. For each metabolite, we conducted linear regression to estimate its relationships with each food group and food category. Potential confounding factors included age, sex, body mass index (weight (kg)/height (m)(2)), energy intake, kidney function, and food groups. We used a modified Bonferroni correction to determine statistical significance. In total, 48 pairs of diet-metabolite associations were identified, including multiple novel associations. The food group "sugar-rich foods and beverages" was inversely associated with 5 metabolites in the 2-hydroxybutyrate-related subpathway and positively associated with 5 γ-glutamyl dipeptides. The hypothesized mechanism of these associations may be through oxidative stress. "Sugar-rich foods and beverages" were also inversely associated with 7 unsaturated long-chain fatty acids. These findings suggest that the contribution of a sugar-rich dietary pattern to increased cardiovascular disease risk may be partially attributed to oxidative stress and disordered lipid profiles. Metabolomics may reveal novel metabolic biomarkers of dietary intake and provide insight into biochemical pathways underlying nutritional effects on disease development.
    American journal of epidemiology 05/2014; · 4.98 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics are three major platforms of comprehensive omics analysis in the science of food and complementary medicine. Other omics disciplines, including those of epigenetics and microRNA, are matters of increasing concern. The increased use of the omics approach in food science owes much to the recent advancement of technology and bioinformatic methodologies. Moreover, many researchers now put the combination of multiple omics analysis (integrated omics) into practice to exhaustively understand the functionality of food components. However, data analysis of integrated omics requires huge amount of work and high skill of data handling. A database of nutritional omics data was constructed by the authors, which should help food scientists to analyze their own omics data more effectively. In addition, a novel tool for the easy visualization of omics data was developed by the authors' group. The tool enables one to overview the changes of multiple omics in the KEGG pathway. Research in traditional and complementary medicine will be further facilitated by promoting the integrated omics research of food functionality. Such integrated research will only be possible with the effective collaboration of scientists with different backgrounds.
    Journal of traditional and complementary medicine. 01/2011; 1(1):25-30.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mass spectrometry coupled to gas chromatography (GC-MS) has been widely applied in the field of metabolomics. Success of this application has benefited greatly from computational workflows that process the complex raw mass spectrometry data and extract the qualitative and quantitative information of metabolites. Among the computational algorithms within a workflow, deconvolution is critical since it reconstructs a pure mass spectrum for each component that the mass spectrometer observes. Based on the pure spectrum, the corresponding component can be eventually identified and quantified. Deconvolution is challenging due to the existence of co-elution. In this review, we focus on progress that has been made in the development of deconvolution algorithms and provide thoughts on future developments that will expand the application of GC-MS in metabolomics.
    Computational and structural biotechnology journal. 01/2013; 4:e201301013.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 28, 2014