Right-sided posttraumatic diaphragmatic rupture and delayed hepatic hernia.
ABSTRACT The early diagnosis of posttraumatic diaphragmatic lesions is often difficult which explains the 30 to 50% of non diagnosed cases. This is due to the lack of sensitivity and specificity of the radiographic exams. Missed diaphragmatic lesions results in herniation of abdominal contents into the chest and may be revealed many years from the time of the original trauma. Symptoms such as dyspnea and chronic abdominal complaints are often observed and life-threatening complications, such as visceral strangulation or perforation, contribute to the late morbidity and mortality of the missed injury. Liver herniation is rare and few cases are described in the literature. We report two cases of delayed discovery of the diaphragmatic injury resulting in liver herniation. In one case, there was also an involvement of the duodeno-pancreas. The diagnosis was made 3 and 12 years after the original trauma, respectively, and respiratory embarrassment was the major presenting symptom. The surgical approach was different in the two patients; the first patient was managed by thoracotomy whereas the second patient was treated by laparotomy. The diaphragmatic defect was repaired and reinforced by a prosthetic mesh in the first case. It was closed only by suturing in the second patient. From these two cases, we reviewed the relevant literature and analysed the different approaches for diaphragmatic repair.
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ABSTRACT: Here, we present the case of a 53-year-old man with a hepatothorax due to a right diaphragmatic rupture related to duodenal ulcer perforation. On admission, the patient complained of severe acute abdominal pain, with physical examination findings suspicious for a perforated peptic ulcer. Of note, the patient had no history of other medical conditions or recent trauma, and the initial chest radiography and laboratory findings were not specific. A subsequent abdominal computed tomography revealed intrathoracic displacement of the liver, gallbladder, transverse colon and omentum through a right diaphragmatic defect. The patient then underwent an explorative laparotomy that confirmed duodenal ulcer perforation. A primary repair of the duodenal perforation was performed, and the diaphragmatic defect was repaired using a polytetrafluoroethylene patch after the organs were reduced and the cavity irrigated. This particular case proves interesting as right-sided spontaneous diaphragmatic ruptures are very rare and difficult to diagnose. Additionally, the best treatment for such large diaphragmatic defects is still controversial, especially in cases of intrathoracic or intra-abdominal contamination.World Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2012; 18(39):5649-52. · 2.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Missed diaphragmatic injuries after trauma may present with herniation of intraabdominal organs into the thoracic cavity. We aimed to review our patients who presented with delayed posttraumatic diaphragmatic hernia. A retrospective review of the medical records of patients with delayed diagnosis of posttraumatic diaphragmatic hernia between 2001 and 2009 was performed. Ten patients with a mean age of 44.3 years were included. Six patients were female. Blunt injuries (n: 7) were more common. Mean duration between trauma and presentation to the hospital was 5.9 years (4 months - 19 years). Nine patients had left-sided diaphragmatic hernia. All patients had chest X-ray and most were diagnostic (n: 8). Additional diagnostic imaging with computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) was used in seven patients. For the repair, laparotomy incision was chosen for seven patients and thoracotomy incision for two patients. One patient underwent left thoracoabdominal approach. Mesh repair was used in seven patients. Postoperative mean hospitalization was 10.6 days. Empyema and atelectasis were the morbidities in one patient. No postoperative mortality was detected. Delayed presentation of posttraumatic diaphragmatic hernia is a serious challenge for trauma surgeons. Prompt diagnosis and treatment prevent serious morbidity and mortality associated with complications such as gangrene and/or perforation of the herniated organ.Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery: TJTES 09/2011; 17(5):435-9. · 0.33 Impact Factor
Article: Laparoscopic repair of chronic traumatic diaphragmatic hernia using biologic mesh with cholecystectomy for intrathoracic gallbladder.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Diaphragmatic rupture is a serious complication of both blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma. In the acute setting, delay in diagnosis can lead to severe cardiovascular and respiratory compromise. Chronic cases can present years later with a plethora of clinical symptoms. Laparoscopic techniques are being increasingly utilized in the diagnosis and treatment of traumatic diaphragmatic hernias. We describe a case of a 70-year-old female who presented with signs and symptoms of a small bowel obstruction. She was ultimately found to have an obstruction secondary to a chronic traumatic diaphragmatic hernia with an intrathoracic gallbladder and incarcerated small intestine. A cholecystectomy and diaphragmatic hernia repair were both performed laparoscopically. This case report presents an atypical cause of bowel obstruction and reviews the current literature on laparoscopic management of traumatic diaphragmatic hernias. Laparoscopy is increasingly used in the diagnosis and treatment of traumatic diaphragmatic hernias with good results.JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons / Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons 15(4):546-9. · 0.98 Impact Factor