Comparison of Steady State Femoral Head Penetration Rates Between Two Highly Cross-Linked Polyethylenes in Total Hip Arthroplasty
ABSTRACT Given that the manufacture of highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) is not standardized, the behavior of these materials may vary. Our study compares minimum 5-year steady state femoral head penetration rates using the Martell method, in 2 HXPLEs produced by different manufacturers. Patients received a primary hip arthroplasty using an uncemented acetabular component with an HXLPE liner and a 28-mm femoral head. Forty-seven patients in group A received an HXLPE liner (Reflection XLPE, Smith and Nephew Inc, Memphis, Tenn), and 36 patients in group B received a different HXLPE liner (Longevity, Zimmer Inc, Warsaw, Ind). Average follow-up was 6.42 years in group A and 7.64 years in group B. The steady state head penetration rates were not significantly (P > .05) different between the HXPLE groups over the midterm with 0.026 mm/y and 0.025 mm/y in groups A and B, respectively.
SourceAvailable from: Kazuhiko Ishihara[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objectives. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical safety and wear-resistance of the novel highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) acetabular liner with surface grafting of poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) (PMPC) at 3 years after total hip replacement (THR). Methods. Eighty consecutive patients underwent cementless THR using a 26-mm diameter cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloy femoral head and a PMPC-grafted HXLPE liner for the bearing couplings. We evaluated the clinical and radiographic outcomes of 76 patients at 3 years after the index surgery. Results. The clinical results at 3 years were equivalent to a Harris hip score of 95.6 points. No adverse events were associated with the implanted PMPC-grafted HXLPE liner, and no periprosthetic osteolysis was detected. The mean femoral head penetration rate was 0.002 mm/year, representing marked reduction compared with other HXLPE liners. Conclusions. A PMPC-grafted HXLPE liner is a safe option in THR and probably reduces the generation of wear particles.Modern Rheumatology 08/2014; DOI:10.3109/14397595.2014.941438 · 2.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Plastic deformation is an unavoidable event in biomedical polymeric implants for load-bearing application during long-term in-vivo service life, which involves a mass transfer process, irreversible chain motion, and molecular reorganization. Deformation-induced microstructural alterations greatly affect mechanical properties and durability of implant devices. The present research focused on evaluating, from a molecular physics viewpoint, the impact of externally applied strain (or stress) in ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) prostheses, subjected to radiation cross-linking and subsequent remelting for application in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Two different types of commercial acetabular liners, which belong to the first-generation highly cross-linked UHMWPE (HXLPE), were investigated by means of confocal/polarized Raman microprobe spectroscopy. The amount of crystalline region and the spatial distribution of molecular chain orientation were quantitatively analyzed according to a combined theory including Raman selection rules for the polyethylene orthorhombic structure and the orientation distribution function (ODF) statistical approach. The structurally important finding was that pronounced recrystallization and molecular reorientation increasingly appeared in the near-surface regions of HXLPE liners with increasing the amount of plastic (compressive) deformation stored in the microstructure. Such molecular rearrangements, occurred in response to external strains, locally increase surface cross-shear (CS) stresses, which in turn trigger microscopic wear processes in HXLPE acetabular liners. Thus, on the basis of the results obtained at the molecular scale, we emphasize here the importance of minimizing the development of irrecoverable deformation strain in order to retain the pristine and intrinsically high wear performance of HXLPE components. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 11/2014; 42C:43-53. DOI:10.1016/j.jmbbm.2014.11.002 · 3.05 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Polyethylene liner fracture is a risk associated with the use of highly cross-linked UHMWPE. We performed a review of the voluntary reports of fractured liners to the US Food and Drug Administration to determine if any risk factors could be identified. There have been 74 reports of fractured Trilogy, Longevity liners to the US Food and Drug Administration since 1999. Most cases utilized small acetabular shells (≤54mm) combined with large diameter heads (≥36mm). Liners less than 7mm thick at the weight bearing or 4.8mm thick at the rim should be used with caution. At revision surgery, malpositioned shells should be revised and the use of a thin liner should be avoided.The Journal of arthroplasty 12/2013; 29(6). DOI:10.1016/j.arth.2013.12.022 · 2.37 Impact Factor