Comparison of steady state femoral head penetration rates between two highly cross-linked polyethylenes in total hip arthroplasty.

London Health Sciences Center, Rossett, Wrexham, UK.
The Journal of arthroplasty (Impact Factor: 1.79). 08/2009; 25(5):680-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.arth.2009.05.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Given that the manufacture of highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) is not standardized, the behavior of these materials may vary. Our study compares minimum 5-year steady state femoral head penetration rates using the Martell method, in 2 HXPLEs produced by different manufacturers. Patients received a primary hip arthroplasty using an uncemented acetabular component with an HXLPE liner and a 28-mm femoral head. Forty-seven patients in group A received an HXLPE liner (Reflection XLPE, Smith and Nephew Inc, Memphis, Tenn), and 36 patients in group B received a different HXLPE liner (Longevity, Zimmer Inc, Warsaw, Ind). Average follow-up was 6.42 years in group A and 7.64 years in group B. The steady state head penetration rates were not significantly (P > .05) different between the HXPLE groups over the midterm with 0.026 mm/y and 0.025 mm/y in groups A and B, respectively.

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effects of distal design of a proximally coated femoral component on periprosthetic bone remodeling, we prospectively performed 21 one-stage bilateral total hip arthroplasties using a distally tapered and a distally cylindrical stem with the same proximal design, randomized to side. All hips showed good outcomes clinically and radiographically at the final follow-up, average of 7 years postoperatively. Cancellous condensation was always found in Gruen's zones 2 and 6 around the cylindrical stem and in regions between zones 2 and 3 and between zones 6 and 5 around the tapered stem. Bone mineral density of Gruen's zones 2 and 6 was significantly lower around the tapered stem. These results suggested more distal loading in hips with the tapered stem than in those with the cylindrical stem.
    The Journal of arthroplasty 03/2012; 27(8):1538-43. · 1.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Highly crosslinked polyethylene (HXLPE) was introduced to reduce wear and osteolysis in total joint arthroplasty. While many studies report wear and osteolysis associated with HXLPE, analytical techniques, clinical study design and followup, HXLPE formulation and implant design characteristics, and patient populations differ substantially among investigations, complicating a unified perspective. Literature on first-generation HXLPE was summarized. We systematically reviewed the radiographic wear data and incidence of osteolysis for HXLPE in hip and knee arthroplasty. PubMed identified 391 studies; 28 met inclusion criteria for a weighted-averages analysis of two-dimensional femoral head penetration rates. To determine the incidence of osteolysis, we estimated a pooled odds ratio using a random-effects model. Weighted-averages analyses of femoral head penetration rates in HXLPE liners and conventional UHMWPE liners resulted, respectively, in a mean two-dimensional linear penetration rate of 0.042 mm/year based on 28 studies (n=1503 hips) and 0.137 mm/year based on 18 studies (n=695 hips). The pooled odds ratio for the risk of osteolysis in HXLPE versus conventional liners was 0.13 (95% confidence interval, 0.06-0.27) among studies with minimum 5-year followup. We identified two clinical studies of HXLPE in TKA, preventing systematic analysis of outcomes. HXLPE liner studies consistently report lower femoral head penetration and an 87% lower risk of osteolysis. Reduction in femoral head penetration or osteolysis risk is not established for large-diameter (>32 mm) metallic femoral heads or ceramic femoral heads of any size. Few studies document the clinical performance of HXLPE in knees.
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical safety and wear-resistance of the novel highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) acetabular liner with surface grafting of poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) (PMPC) at 3 years after total hip replacement (THR). Methods. Eighty consecutive patients underwent cementless THR using a 26-mm diameter cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloy femoral head and a PMPC-grafted HXLPE liner for the bearing couplings. We evaluated the clinical and radiographic outcomes of 76 patients at 3 years after the index surgery. Results. The clinical results at 3 years were equivalent to a Harris hip score of 95.6 points. No adverse events were associated with the implanted PMPC-grafted HXLPE liner, and no periprosthetic osteolysis was detected. The mean femoral head penetration rate was 0.002 mm/year, representing marked reduction compared with other HXLPE liners. Conclusions. A PMPC-grafted HXLPE liner is a safe option in THR and probably reduces the generation of wear particles.
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