Evaluation of the radiopacity of different root canal sealers.
ABSTRACT The aims of this study were to compare the radiopacity of 8 root canal sealers relative to gutta-percha and dentin in standard discs and to evaluate the effect of these sealers on the radiopacity of root canal fillings in simulated canals.
Radiographs were taken of 1-mm-thick specimens of 8 root canal sealers (Diaket, Endion, MTA, Endofil, Roeko Seal, Sealite, AH26, AH Plus) and gutta-percha, a 1-mm-thick human tooth slice, and aluminum stepwedge.Simulated canals were used to evaluate the effect of the sealer on radiopacity of the root fillings. After enlargement of the simulated canals with ProTaper instrument, root canals were filled with these 8 sealers alone and with single ProTaper gutta-percha cone. Radiographs of all filled simulated canals were taken with an aluminum stepwedge.
All the sealers demonstrated greater radiopacity than dentin (0.7940 mm Al) (P < .001). AH Plus showed the highest radiopacity in the standard disc group (Group 1) (8.9881 mm Al) (P < .001), and in the sealer group in simulated canals (Group 2) (9.2100 mm Al) (P < .001). In the sealer plus gutta-percha group in simulated canals (Group 3), Sealite plus gutta-percha showed greater radiopacity (8.4460 mm Al) (P < .001).
Whether the opacity of the sealers alone is more or less than 3 mm Al, their radiopacity is increased when they are used in combination with gutta-percha, because of its higher radiopacity. However, when sealers are used in conjunction with gutta-percha, they can affect the radiopacity of the root canal filling according to their type and thickness.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare the composition of Portland cement and Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA). Samples of MTA and Portland cement were analysed for fifteen different elements by inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometry (ICP-ES). Comparative analysis revealed there was significant similarity except there was no detectable quantity of Bismuth in Portland cement. Quantitative results are given in both parts per million (p.p.m.) and wt%. It was concluded that there is no significant difference between the 14 different elements in both Portland cement and MTA.Australian Endodontic Journal 03/2003; 29(1):43 - 44. · 0.50 Impact Factor
Article: Radiopacity of impression materials.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The radiographic densitites of twenty-six impression materials were measured and the values expressed as an equivalent thickness of aluminum. Under simulated clinical conditions, only ten of the materials tested could be consistently distinguished from the bone structure in periapical radiographs. It was far more dificult to detect objects with beveled margins than objects of uniform thickness. The minimum radiopacity of a material which could be detected in the periodontal tissue on a periapical radiograph was estimated.Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology 06/1979; 47(5):485-91.
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ABSTRACT: Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) is a new material recently approved by the FDA for use in pulpal therapy. MTA has been reported to have superior biocompatibility and sealing ability and is less cytotoxic than other materials currently used in pulpal therapy. This report is a review of MTA's physical and biological properties and the clinical techniques of direct pulp capping, apexification, and repair of failed calcium hydroxide therapy.Pediatric dentistry 23(4):326-30. · 0.56 Impact Factor