Beta-casomorphins-7 in infants on different type of feeding and different levels of psychomotor development.
ABSTRACT Casomorphins are the most important during the first year of life, when postnatal formation is most active and milk is the main source of both nutritive and biologically active material for infants. This study was conducted on a total of 90 infants, of which 37 were fed with breast milk and 53 were fed with formula containing cow milk. The study has firstly indicated substances with immunoreactivity of human (irHCM) and bovine (irBCM) beta-casomorphins-7 in blood plasma of naturally and artificially fed infants, respectively. irHCM and irBCM were detected both in the morning before feeding (basal level), and 3h after feeding. Elevation of irHCM and irBCM levels after feeding was detected mainly in infants in the first 3 months of life. Chromatographic characterization of the material with irBCM has demonstrated that it has the same molecular mass and polarity as synthetic bovine beta-casomorphin-7. The highest basal irHCM was observed in breast-fed infants with normal psychomotor development and muscle tone. In contrast, elevated basal irBCM was found in formula-fed infants showing delay in psychomotor development and heightened muscle tone. Among formula-fed infants with normal development, the rate of this parameter directly correlated to basal irBCM. The data indicate that breast feeding has an advantage over artificial feeding for infants' development during the first year of life and support the hypothesis for deterioration of bovine casomorphin elimination as a risk factor for delay in psychomotor development and other diseases such as autism.
SourceAvailable from: Mihai Suteu[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cattle milk received, since the first described polymorphism in 1955, an important attention due to the implication of major milk proteins genetic variants in milk quality, in some human diseases caused by milk consumption or due to the possibility of using the genetic variants as genetic markers for adulteration identification of dairy products. In our previous work, we established the genetic structure in the six major milk proteins loci, in four populations belonging to Romanian Simmental breed. Therefore, the objective of this study was to characterize the milk protein polymorphism in the rest of Romanian cattle breeds (including local breeds), in order to have a complete picture about the alleles frequencies in the six major milk protein loci in these breeds.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: β-Casomorphins are a group of opioid peptides released during gastrointestinal digestion or food processing from the β-casein of milk protein. Consequently, milk can be divided into A1 and A2 “like” groups depending upon the presence or absence of proline or histidine at the 67th position of β-casein. A1 “like” milk is postulated to be a source of BCM-7 as histidine allows the cleavage at this position, while A2 “like” milk has proline that resists the hydrolysis. On one hand, BCM-7 has been implicated as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, type I diabetes, and neurological disorders. On the other hand, various physiological effects of these peptides have also been documented, i.e., secretion of mucus, increased activity of superoxide dismutase and catalase, increased levels of prolactin, and analgesic role. In addition, many evidences correlate these peptides with various immunological functions, such as development of innate immunity, lymphocyte proliferation and cellular immunity, role in autoimmune diseases, histamine release, and allergy. In conclusion, the role of β-casomorphins in physiological functions remains controversial and more research with improved diagnostic techniques is needed to unravel the mechanism and study physiological functions of β-casomorphins. Thus, health-related aspects of β-casomorphins (positive, negative, and immunological impacts) have been comprehensively reviewed in this article.International Journal of Food Properties 04/2014; 17(8):1726-1741. DOI:10.1080/10942912.2012.712077 · 0.88 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by deﬁcits in the ability to socialise, communicate and use imagination, and displays of stereotypical behaviour. It is widely accepted that ASD involves a disorder in brain development. However, the real causes of the neurodevelopmental disorders associated with ASD are not clear. In this respect, it has been found that a majority of children with ASD display gastrointestinal symptoms, and an increased intestinal permeability. Moreover, large differences in microbiotic composition between ASD patients and controls have been reported. Therefore, nutrition-related factors have been hypothesised to play a causal role in the aetiology of ASD and its symptoms. Through a review of the literature, it was found that abnormalities in carbohydrate digestion and absorption could explain some of the gastrointestinal problems observed in a subset of ASD patients, although their role in the neurological and behavioural problems remains uncertain. In addition, the relationship between an improved gut health and a reduction of symptoms in some patients was evaluated. Recent trials involving gluten-free diets, casein-free diets, and pre- and probiotic, and multivitamin supplementation show contradictive but promising results. It can be concluded that nutrition and other environmental inﬂuences might trigger an unstable base of genetic predisposition, which may lead to the development of autism, at least in a subset of ASD patients. Clear directions for further research to improve diagnosis and treatment for the different subsets of the disorder are provided.Nutrition Research Reviews 01/2014; DOI:10.1017/S0954422414000110. · 3.86 Impact Factor