Estilos de vida saludables de los estudiantes de la Corporación Universitaria Lasallista. Agosto 2004

Revista Lasallista de Investigación 01/2004;
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Introduction: Heart diseases are a frequent cause of illness and death in our country. There is enough scientific evidence that shows that healthy life styles prevent the appearing of those diseases. Objective: To establish the frequency of exposition to risky factors concerning heart diseases for Corporación Universitaria Lasallista´s students, aiming to acquire information that helps in the development of strategies for avoiding those factors. Materials and methods: A descriptive study was made, using a self-applied survey to get the information. After criticizing the collected data, a data base in the SPSS vr. 11.00 software was created, and this was also used to process the information. In the analysis for hypothetical proofs, these were contrasted with the X2 test when prevalences were compared, and with the t student t´test when the comparison of media rates was made. The statistic significance was assumed when the probability value was les than 0.05. Results: A considerable proportion of the students have inadequate life styles, and this means procrastinated risks for heart disease. Some conducts were particularly worrying, as the total lack of exercise (48%), smoking (36%) and weight increase (overweight 9.5% and obesity 0.5%). The data showed that women have better protective behaviors than men, concerning heart diseases. Conclusion: Corporación Universitaria Lasallista´s students have a considerable measurement of exposition to risky factors concerning heart diseases, through their life styles. Therefore, the adoption of strategies to create healthier life styles among them, is recommended

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    ABSTRACT: Objective To assess the reproducibility of a questionnaire used in a surveillance system for risk factors of non-communicable diseases (SIVFRENT), based on continuous surveys through telephone interviews.Methods The same questionnaire was administered telephonically to a cross-section of 586 individuals aged between 18 and 64 years representative of the Autonomous Community of Madrid (Spain) on 2 occasions with an interval of 13 to 32 days. Twenty-seven variables related to perceived health status, anthropometry, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, preventive practices, injuries and road safety were analyzed. To assess response stability, absolute agreement, unweighted and weighted kappa values, and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) were used in nominal, ordinal and quantitative categorical variables, respectively.ResultsThe response rate to the second interview involving 461 people was 78.7%. The comparison of prevalences and averages from both interviews revealed that in 19 out of the 27 indicators analyzed, the relative deviation was under 5% and exceeded 20% in only 2 indicators. Absolute agreement was greater than 85% in 13 of the 20 categorical variables. In 10 variables, the kappa and ICC coefficients were greater than 0.8, in 13 they ranged from 0.6 to 0.8, in 3 from 0.4 to 0.6 and only 1 was below 0.4. A uniform pattern of sociodemographic variables associated with disagreement was not observed.Conclusions The results suggest that the telephone questionnaire used in the surveillance system on risk factors associated with behavior and preventive practices (SIVFRENT) is reproducible in a wide sample representative of the adult population of the Autonomous Community of Madrid.
    Gaceta Sanitaria 01/2004; 18(2):118-128. · 1.25 Impact Factor

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