Dimensiones y Determinantes de la Intención de Contacto hacia Exogrupos

Revista Interamericana de Psicología 01/2004;
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Partiendo de dos criterios fundamentales sobre el contacto intergrupal (intimidad/ superficialidad, interpersonal/ intergrupal) y considerando la importancia de un tercero (control/no control) este estudio indaga los antecedentes diferenciales de los distintos tipos de situaciones en las que los miembros de diferentes grupos entran en contacto. Tomando como exogrupo a los gitanos, y con un total de 209 sujetos, se obtuvo que la intención de contacto presenta predictores diferentes si atendemos a la diferenciación público/privado, más que a la clásica identificación de ésta con la noción de intimidad. Los contactos dentro de la dimensión pública se definirían principalmente por ser superficiales, intergrupales y sin control, mientras que los de la dimensión privada incluirían situaciones íntimas, interpersonales y controladas. Los análisis señalan que la homogeneidad y la tipicalidad percibida del exogrupo son predictores adecuados para la dimensión pública, mientras actitud, ansiedad, homogeneidad percibida, y evaluación del exogrupo predicen la intención de contacto para la esfera privada

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