Article

Diet, microhabitat and time of activity in a Pristimantis (Anura, Strabomantidae) assemblage

Phyllomedusa : Journal of Herpetology 12/2008; DOI: 10.11606/issn.2316-9079.v7i2p109-119
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT We tested if the richness and abundance of six closely related species of Pristimantis significantly varied among three transects located at different distances from a creek in an Andean cloud forest. We found that richness and abundance of frogs varied significantly among transects, being the transect located at the forest interior the richest in frog species and number of individuals. We chose these more crowded sites to evaluate resource use differences among the species. We evaluated ecological variables such as microhabitat, diet, and time of activity in these speciesthat are similar in morphology and body size, to determine whether they have differences in the use of these resources. Most specimens perch on leaves at heights within 1.5 and 2.0 m of the ground and are nocturnal; only P. douglasi was found with diurnal and nocturnal activity. The species had similar diets, they ingested a wide spectrum of prey sizes that are similar among species, months, and between transects. Almost all collected frogs were juveniles and were found during every single month of sampling suggesting continuous reproduction; however, adults and juveniles of P.douglasi were absent during some of the drier months, indicating seasonality. Thus, we found that most of these Pristimantis species occupy the forest interior and that there is no a strong segregation in the use of the evaluated resources, only one species had a slight difference in activity and reproductive time.

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    ABSTRACT: Pristimantis aff. fenestratus is a common species in non-flooded forests of central Amazonia, Brazil. Herein, we show the reproductive pattern and data on population structure of this species from two sites, using standardized sample methods (visual and auditory surveys), during three rainy seasons. The higher number of males in calling activity was detected in the beginning of the rainy season. However, sporadic male calls were also heard in the dry season. Females were significantly larger than males, and males captured at the end of the rainy season were larger than those captured in other periods. Females with eggs visible through the abdominal wall were found in all samplings at one site, but a larger number of juveniles were found at the end of the rainy season. The size of juveniles was variable and the smallest individuals were found at the end of the rainy season. According to nocturnal visual surveys males were significantly more abundant than females (1.9:1 adult sex ratio). According to data collected on gravid female occurrence, juvenile number variation, and presence of calling males, we suggest that P. aff. fenestratus reproduces during the rainy season showing marked seasonality.
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May 30, 2014