Antimicrobial Activities of Lactic Acid Bacteria Strains Isolated from Burkina Faso Fermented Milk
ABSTRACT Eight strains of lactic acid bacteria producing bacteriocin were isolated from Burkina Faso fermented milk samples. These strains were identified to species: Lactobacillus fermentum, Pediococcus spp., Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. meseteroides, Lactococcus. Isolated bacteriocin exhibited antibacterial activity against Enterococcus faecalis 103907 CIP, Bacillus cereus 13569 LMG, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25293, Escherichia coli 105182 CIP using the agar drop diffusion test. The inhibition diameters obtained with bacteriocin are between 8 mm and 12 mm. Gram-positive indicator bacteria were most inhibited. The activities of the bacteriocin were lost after treatment with all the proteolytic enzymes (alpha-chymotrypsin, trypsin, pesin), whereas treatment with lipase, catalase, alpha-amylase did not affect the activity of the bacteriocin.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this work was to investigate the physiological characteristics of Lactobacillus sp. JK-8 isolated from a shrimp aquaculture pond. The strain JK-8 was grown on MRS media, and morphological and physiological characteristics of the strain were examined. The bacterium was identified as a strain of the genus Lactobacillus on the basis of BIOLOG test. Strain JK-8 produced both lactic acid and acetic acid, which were responsible for the pH decrease during growth. Concentrations of lactic acid and acetic acid increased to 192.8 mM and 43.6 mM, respectively, and the initial pH 7.0 of the cultures decreased to 3.8 at the end of incubaction. The bacteriocidal effect against eight target bacteria was examined with 5-fold concentrated culture supernatants. All bacteria tested in this work were completely killed within 3 hrs after treatment with the culture supernatant. The bacteriocidal effects were clearly observed, only when the pH of the culture supernatants were not adjusted. HPLC was used to reslove lactic acid and acetic acid in the culture solution, and GC-MS was used to verify the metabolites.Korean Journal of Microbiology 01/2005; 41(1).
- Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences 12/2014; · 0.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this work was to examine the antimicrobial activity derived from the lactic acid bacterium, UK-3 isolated from the vaginas of women of childbearing age. Various physiological and biochemical properties of this strain were characterized. Both the BIOLOG system and phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA sequencing were utilized for identification, and the strain was designated as Lactobacillus plantarum UK-3, and registered in GenBank as [JK266589]. Growth rate, production of organic acids (e.g., lactic acid and acetic acid), and pH during growth were monitored. The maximum concentrations of lactic acid and acetic acid were approximately 684.11 mM and 174.26 mM, respectively, and pH changed from 7.0 to 3.7 after 72 h of incubation. High performance liquid chromatography was used to confirm lactic acid and acetic acid production. Significant antimicrobial activity of the concentrated supernatant was demonstrated against various Gram-positive (e.g., Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Neisseria species., Listeria monocytogenes), Gram-negative bacteria (e.g., Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis), and yeast (e.g., Candida albicans) by the plate diffusion method. As a result, the concentrated L. plantarum UK-3 cultures had lower acidity and inhibited the growth of all microorganisms tested, whereas the growth of L. acidophilus was not affected.Korean Journal of Microbiology 01/2011; 47(4).