Learner attitudes toward error correction in a beginners English class
ABSTRACT This study was conducted among twenty-three college students of English who were asked their preferences for twenty error correction techniques. The techniques were presented mostly in dialogue form as they actually take place in the classroom. The study shows that the students preferred those techniques in which they are explicitly told what their mistake was. In light of this, the students favored correction by their teacher, not their peers in the language class. The students also showed their preference for the techniques in which they are given the opportunity to repeat the correct model provided by the teacher and thus repair their faulty speech. The study concludes that these techniques provide a type of corrective feedback that encourages students to participate in the correction of their spoken errors, a classroom activity that leads to acquisition of the foreign language.
- ELT Journal 01/2000; 54(1):47-53. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The developing oral English of approximately 100 second language learners (four intact classes) was examined in this study. The learners were native speakers of French (aged 10–12 years) who had received a 5-month intensive ESL course in either grade 5 or grade 6 in elementary schools in Quebec. A large corpus of classroom observation data was also analyzed.Substantial between-class differences were found in the accuracy with which students used such English structures as progressive -ing and adjective–noun order in noun phrases. There was some evidence that these differences (which were not correlated with performance on listening comprehension tests) were due to differences in teachers' form-focused instruction. These findings are discussed in terms of current competing views of the role of form-focused instruction in second language learning.Studies in Second Language Acquisition 11/1990; 12(04):429 - 448. · 1.11 Impact Factor