Bioactive Chromodorolide Diterpenes from an Aplysillid Sponge

Marine Drugs 01/2004; DOI: 10.3390/md203101
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Abstract: The known chromodorolides A (1) and B (2), and a new derivative chromodorolide C (3) have been isolated from an Australian sponge and characterized by 1D and 2D NMR experiments. The chromodorolides exhibited significant cytotoxicity against the P388 mouse leukaemia cell line, and also showed activity against the freeliving larval stages of the parasitic nematodes Haemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus colubriformis.

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    ABSTRACT: In this review we cover the structures, occurrence, biological activities and synthesis of all the spongianes and rearranged spongianes since their discovery in 1974. We have given special attention to structure revisions and biological properties of these polycyclic terpenoids of exclusive marine origin. However, an important part of the review describes the synthetic efforts in the field. Thus, this part has been subdivided into syntheses from other natural products, syntheses by biomimetic approaches and other approaches including enantioselective total syntheses.
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