Article

El proceso tradicional de elaboración del pimentón de Murcia y sus posibles innovaciones

Grasas y Aceites 01/2006;
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT The traditional method of Spanish paprika processing in the Murcia Region is under the official category Denomination of Origin “Paprika of Murcia”. The process consists basically in manual harvesting the fruit in full ripe stage, drying, removing the peduncle and seeds, hammer and stone milling for crushing and grinding, transmission, mixing and granulating, sterilization, packaging and refrigerated storage. The details about the paprika processing operations are reported. In a second part the main control points of paprika processing, paprika quality traits and risks are also mentioned. The innovations proposed for paprika processing and unit operations in the literature include application of hygienic food processing design, paprika processing in a nitrogen flow, heat pretreatments before grinding or applied to shredded pepper, high hydrostatic pressure or high intensity electrical field pulse, irradiation, osmotic dehydration, lyophilization, mixing and coating, and modified atmosphere packaging. The traditional method of Spanish paprika processing in the Murcia Region is under the official category Denomination of Origin “Paprika of Murcia”. The process consists basically in manual harvesting the fruit in full ripe stage, drying, removing the peduncle and seeds, hammer and stone milling for crushing and grinding, transmission, mixing and granulating, sterilization, packaging and refrigerated storage. The details about the paprika processing operations are reported. In a second part the main control points of paprika processing, paprika quality traits and risks are also mentioned. The innovations proposed for paprika processing and unit operations in the literature include application of hygienic food processing design, paprika processing in a nitrogen flow, heat pretreatments before grinding or applied to shredded pepper, high hydrostatic pressure or high intensity electrical field pulse, irradiation, osmotic dehydration, lyophilization, mixing and coating, and modified atmosphere packaging.

El proceso de elaboración tradicional del pimiento en la Región de Murcia está regulado oficialmente por la Denominación de Origen “Pimentón de Murcia”. Consta de operaciones unitarias de recolección, secado de la cáscara al Sol o con aire caliente, desrabado y desbinzado, trituración grosera, molturación, transmisión, granulado y mezclado, esterilizado, envasado y conservación refrigerada. Se describen detalles de los requerimientos técnicos de las operaciones. Posteriormente se revisan los atributos de calidad y riesgos del producto y del proceso, y mejoras tecnológicas recientemente propuestas para el proceso. Las innovaciones posibles incluyen diseño higiénico de proceso y producto, el uso de flujo de nitrógeno en el transporte y almacenamiento de la cáscara pretriturada, pretratamientos térmicos previos a la molienda, aplicación de altas presiones hidrostáticas o pulsos eléctricos de alta intensidad, irradiación, secado (deshidratación osmótica, liofilización), mezclado y aplicación de recubrimientos, o envasado en atmósfera modificada.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
238 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Analysed quality parameters of paprika powder (Capsicum annuum L.) collected from three localities in Morocco (Tadla, Gharb and Elkalaa des Sraghna) were color, total capsaicinoids, total carotenoid, fat content and fatty acid composition. The oil contents of paprika powder collected from the three localities varied relatively from 7.55g to 8.67 g/100 g. The main fatty acids among the different paprika oils were linoleic acid (60.1– 70.9%), oleic acid (12.1–16.1%) and palmitic acid (7.7-14.5%). Remarkable amounts of capsaicinoids were found in the different locations, with a maximum obtained for Elkalaa des Sraghna paprika (184.97mg/kg). Total carotenoid content values averaged from 2323.66 to 3025.05 mg/kg dw with the high content obtained for the Tadla paprika. The ASTA Values differ significantly between the three localities; the high value of ASTA 20 was obtained for Tadla paprika. The present study showed that the different paprika powders are a potential source of valuable oil and Color that could be used for edible and industrial applications. Keywords: Capsicum annuum L., Paprika, Oil, Fatty acid, Capsaicinoids, Total carotenoid, ASTA, Color.
    Journal of Natural Sciences Research. 06/2013; Vol.3, No.7,:pp 111-118.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper reviews the definition and composition of paprika oleoresin. The review covers recent research concerning the conventional extraction process that uses organic solvents (mainly hexane), legislation, innovation, patents, applications, and perspectives in developing countries. The conventional process includes the extraction of the oleoresin usually with hexane as solvent, the miscella and meal disolventization, and a subsequent oleoresin degumming. The paprika oleoresin is used as additive colorant and is composed by esterified fatty acids such as the linoleic or the linolenic acids. This oleoresin and its components (carotenoids, capsaicinoids, and tocopherols), extracted under different conditions, are used in formulating nutraceutical, colorants and pharmaceuticals. The paprika oleoresin can become soluble by microencapsulation by mixing with gelatin or arabic gum. Paprika oleoresin extraction has future in Africa and iberoamerican countries. Se revisa la definición y componentes de la oleorresina de pimentón (ORP). La revisión cubre también recientes investigaciones en el proceso de obtención convencional mediante disolventes orgánicos (principalmente hexano), legislación, innovaciones, patentes, aplicaciones, y perspectivas en países en vías de desarrollo. El proceso convencional incluye una extracción habitualmente con hexano, y una posterior desolventización de la miscela y de la harina, con una depuración de la ORP posterior. La ORP se usa como aditivo colorante y está compuesta principalmente por ácidos grasos esterificados como el linoleico o linolénico. Tanto la ORP como sus componentes (carotenoides, capsaicinoides y tocoferoles), extraídos en diferentes condiciones, son utilizados en la formulación de nutracéuticos, colorantes y farmacopea. La ORP se puede hacer hidrosoluble añadiendo tensoactivos o mediante microencapsulación con mezclas con gelatina o goma arábiga. La extracción de ORP tiene futuro tanto en África como en Iberoamérica.
    Grasas y Aceites 01/2007; · 0.74 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Grasas y Aceites. 01/2008; 59(1).

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
1,743 Downloads
Available from
May 23, 2014