Article

Factores asociados al rendimiento académico en estudiantes universitarios, una reflexión desde la calidad de la educación superior pública

Educación 01/2007;
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Este artículo presenta una revisión de los hallazgos de investigación consignados en la literatura que se señalan como posibles factores asociados al rendimiento académico en estudiantes universitarios, y su vinculación con la calidad de la educación superior pública en general, para lo que se apoya en estudios realizados en España, Colombia, Cuba, México y Costa Rica. Se agrupan en tres categorías: determinantes personales, determinantes sociales y determinantes institucionales que, a su vez, poseen sus propios indicadores. Se hace énfasis en que la búsqueda de la calidad educativa en el sector universitario es un bien deseado por distintos sectores de la sociedad, y por el que luchan las universidades desde diferentes ámbitos, con mayores cuestionamientos en el sector público por la inversión estatal que conlleva. La búsqueda de la calidad implica una revisión integral de la universidad que incluye estudios sobre el rendimiento académico del alumnado, por lo que sus resultados son un insumo importante, pues permiten conocer elementos obstaculizadores y facilitadores del desempeño estudiantil y, en consecuencia, permiten favorecer el control de los recursos estatales y la mediación del impacto social. El análisis de la calidad educativa debe incluir resultados de investigación sobre el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes, pues es de gran utilidad en procesos de toma de decisiones en aras de un sistema educativo más justo.

2 Bookmarks
 · 
300 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper analyzes the academic performance of students entering the School of Natural Sciences and Surveying, National University of the Northeast (FACENA–UNNE, its Spanish acronym) in Corrientes, Argentina, during their first year, in relation to their socio–educational characteristics. Performance was measured by whether or not they passed the partial or final exams of the first mathematics course that students take. A binary logistic regression model was adjusted, which properly classified 75% of the data. Among the most important variables for explaining academic performance is obtaining the high school diploma, the major chosen, and the educational level attained by the student's mother.
    Revista Electronica de Investigacion Educativa 11/2010; 12(2):1-21.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In recent years, the School of Medicine of the National Autonomous University of Mexico has been largely engaged in the global medical education trend, through the implementation of curriculum changes which include new methods of teaching and learning. These "new" methods seek to change from the use of teacher-centered strategies or traditional ones, to the student-centered strategies or innovating ones. The fulfillment of this study is due to the need to find educative strategies which help improve our students' learning in a clinical subject which is taught in the basic sciences cycle (this cycle comprises the first and second year of the degree), allowing the interrelation between basic sciences and clinical sciences subjects.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Convergence towards the European Higher Education Area has required thoroughgoing transformations within Spain's higher education system, standing out among them is the active role played by the students in their learning process guided and led by the teacher, who acts as its facilitator. The present work assesses the effectiveness of virtual tutoring given to first-year Dentistry students under the subject Preventative Dentistry and Public Health at the University CEU-San Pablo Madrid, as a face-to-face teaching aid by means of the Blackboard Collaborate platform. Both the methodology followed and the computer tool used were assessed positively by the students who, furthermore, regarded such virtual tutoring as an excellent support to hands-on teaching, as it makes the learning process easier by optimizing study time. We recommend the scheduled use of tutorials online on the different subjects under the degree program of our college careers.
    01/2014; 1(2):109-124.

Full-text

Download
10 Downloads
Available from