Article

Factores asociados al rendimiento académico en estudiantes universitarios, una reflexión desde la calidad de la educación superior pública

Educación 01/2007; DOI: 10.15517/revedu.v31i1.1252
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Este artículo presenta una revisión de los hallazgos de investigación consignados en la literatura que se señalan como posibles factores asociados al rendimiento académico en estudiantes universitarios, y su vinculación con la calidad de la educación superior pública en general, para lo que se apoya en estudios realizados en España, Colombia, Cuba, México y Costa Rica. Se agrupan en tres categorías: determinantes personales, determinantes sociales y determinantes institucionales que, a su vez, poseen sus propios indicadores. Se hace énfasis en que la búsqueda de la calidad educativa en el sector universitario es un bien deseado por distintos sectores de la sociedad, y por el que luchan las universidades desde diferentes ámbitos, con mayores cuestionamientos en el sector público por la inversión estatal que conlleva. La búsqueda de la calidad implica una revisión integral de la universidad que incluye estudios sobre el rendimiento académico del alumnado, por lo que sus resultados son un insumo importante, pues permiten conocer elementos obstaculizadores y facilitadores del desempeño estudiantil y, en consecuencia, permiten favorecer el control de los recursos estatales y la mediación del impacto social. El análisis de la calidad educativa debe incluir resultados de investigación sobre el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes, pues es de gran utilidad en procesos de toma de decisiones en aras de un sistema educativo más justo.

2 Bookmarks
 · 
318 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper analyzes the academic performance of students entering the School of Natural Sciences and Surveying, National University of the Northeast (FACENA–UNNE, its Spanish acronym) in Corrientes, Argentina, during their first year, in relation to their socio–educational characteristics. Performance was measured by whether or not they passed the partial or final exams of the first mathematics course that students take. A binary logistic regression model was adjusted, which properly classified 75% of the data. Among the most important variables for explaining academic performance is obtaining the high school diploma, the major chosen, and the educational level attained by the student's mother.
    Revista Electronica de Investigacion Educativa 11/2010; 12(2):1-21.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted with adolescent children from a probabilistic sample with national representation from both rural and urban areas, in Mexican households eligible for services from the federal social program known as Oportunidades and characterized by conditions of extreme poverty. Participating were 1,093 youth of whom 61 % live in urban localities and 56 % are males, with an average age of 14.92 (±1.29) years and an average number of completed years of schooling of 8.33 (±1.71). The results indicated that the subjective well-being of these adolescents was dependent on a positive self-concept (self-esteem and strength), positive interactions with their parents (respectful, understanding and close) and with their friends (supportive), with importance placed on their studies, and the absence of emotional upset (stress or depression). Among the population studied, males and those younger, as well as those who only study, reported greater subjective well-being.
    Social Indicators Research 08/2013; · 1.26 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Convergence towards the European Higher Education Area has required thoroughgoing transformations within Spain's higher education system, standing out among them is the active role played by the students in their learning process guided and led by the teacher, who acts as its facilitator. The present work assesses the effectiveness of virtual tutoring given to first-year Dentistry students under the subject Preventative Dentistry and Public Health at the University CEU-San Pablo Madrid, as a face-to-face teaching aid by means of the Blackboard Collaborate platform. Both the methodology followed and the computer tool used were assessed positively by the students who, furthermore, regarded such virtual tutoring as an excellent support to hands-on teaching, as it makes the learning process easier by optimizing study time. We recommend the scheduled use of tutorials online on the different subjects under the degree program of our college careers.
    01/2014; 1(2):109-124.

Preview

Download
10 Downloads
Available from