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Evaluation of the phytochemicals and antidiabetic activity of Ficus bengalensis

International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries 01/2007; DOI: 10.4103/0973-3930.37036
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Ficus bengalensis Linn, commonly known as the banyan tree, belongs to the Moraceae family. Its bark is used for the treatment of diabetes. In the present study, the ethanolic extracts of the different aerial parts of Ficus bengalensis Linn were comparatively evaluated for their blood glucose lowering activity. Histopathology of the treated groups was carried out to evaluate the betacytotropic activity of various parts of Ficus bengalensis. The ethanolic extract of the fruit, at a dosage of 120 mg/kg body weight, was found to exert a more pronounced antidiabetic activity than the ethanolic extract of the root or bark. The experiment also confirmed the antidiabetic activity of the standard drug glibenclamide.

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