Article

Analytical Methods for the Determination of Heavy Metals in the Textile Industry

Kemija u Industriji 01/2007;
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Heavy metals in textile wastewater represent a major environmental problem, and are a potential danger to human health when present on textiles. Furthermore, the presence of some metals influences the production of textiles. Heavy metals are often used as oxidizing agents, as metal complex dyes, dye stripping agents, fastness improvers, and finishers. Thus, they act as hazardous sources throughout entire textile processing. Toxic effects of heavy metals on humans are well documented. Therefore, it is important to monitor heavy metals throughout the entire production. Today, maximum permissible values for metals in textiles are given by different regulations, according to which the heavy metals have to be determined both qualitatively and quantitatively. Several analytical procedures for the determination of heavy metals were tested for their application on textiles. The advantages and disadvantages of TLC, UV-VIS, GF-AAS, ICP-OES, and ICP-MS methods are discussed.

7 Bookmarks
 · 
1,000 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cu, Ni, Pb, Fe, Mn, Cr and Cd contents were determined in 17 different brands of chewing gum and candy samples available in local markets of Kayseri, Turkey. Concentration of selected trace metals were estimated using flame atomic absorption spectrometer after dry and wet digestion methods. Out of 17 brands of chewing gums and candies analysed, four were cocoa based, two were sugar based and other were of fruit based. Copper level ranged from 0.219 to 2.455 microg/g with an average of 1.390 microg/g. Nickel ranged from 0.120 to 2.588 microg/g with an average of 0.846 microg/g. Lead level ranged from 0.031 to 2.46 microg/g with an average of 0.746 microg/g. Iron level ranged from 3.963 to 9.863 microg/g with an average of 6.618 microg/g. Manganese level ranged from 1.872 to 5.067 microg/g with an average of 3.196 microg/g. Chromium ranged from 0.740 to 6.265 microg/g with an average of 2.473 microg/g and cadmium level ranged from 0.027 to 0.825 microg/g with an average of 0.296 microg/g. Cocoa based samples were found to have higher contents of the analysed metals than sugar and fruit based samples.
    Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 03/2008; 149(1-4):283-9. · 1.68 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A coprecipitation procedure has been presented prior to flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination of nickel, cadmium and lead ions in environmental samples. Analyte ions were coprecipitated by using copper hydroxide precipitate. The influences of some analytical parameters like amounts of copper, sample volume, etc., on the recoveries of the analytes were investigated. The interference of other ions was negligible. Under the optimized conditions, the detection limits (3 sigma, n=15) of lead(II), nickel(II) and cadmium(II) were 7.0, 3.0 and 2.0 microg/L, respectively. The proposed method has been successfully applied for the determination of traces of Ni, Cd and Pb in environmental samples like tap water.
    Journal of Hazardous Materials 03/2008; 159(2-3):435-9. · 3.93 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this paper, ZnSe nanoparticles, which were modified with mercaptoacetic acid (MAA), worked as novel fluorescence sensors for the quantitative determination of copper(II) and nickel(II). Under the optimal conditions, the fluorescence intensities of functionalized ZnSe nanoparticles were quenched by the addition of copper(II) or nickel(II) ions, there were linear relationships between the relative fluorescence intensity (logF(0)/F) and the concentration in the range of 140-2,000 microg/L for copper(II) (R = 0.9973) and 30-1,000 microg/L for nickel(II) (R = 0.9992), the limits of detection were 50 microg/L and 5 microg/L, respectively.
    Journal of Fluorescence 03/2010; 20(4):837-42. · 1.79 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
141 Downloads
Available from
May 23, 2014