Insatisfacción corporal e influencia de los modelos estéticos en niños y jóvenes varones mexicanos
ABSTRACT El objetivo del presente estudio fue comparar en niños y jóvenes varones la sintomatología de trastorno alimentario y de dos factores asociados: la insatisfacción corporal y la influencia del modelo estético corporal. Participaron 45 niños y 42 jóvenes del sexo masculino, quienes fueron entrevistados y respondieron a los tests de Actitudes Alimentarias, Interiorización del Modelo Estético Corporal e Insatisfacción Corporal. La sintomatología de trastorno alimentario fue mayor en los niños que en los jóvenes; no obstante, no se halló en ellos una asimilación considerable de los modelos estéticos corporales de delgadez, a diferencia de los jóvenes, quienes al parecer están bajo la influencia de la publicidad y del grupo de amigos.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Georgina Alvarez-Rayón, Jan 22, 2015
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ABSTRACT: Research on the influence of body shape model on adolescent males is scarce. The current study aimed to assess this influence among adult males involved in intense physical activity and to determine its relationship to eating behaviour. Possible variations between 1998 and 2008 were also analysed. A total of 950 males (672 in 1998 and 278 in 2008), all aspiring professional soldiers, were studied using the Questionnaire of Influences on Body Shape Model (CIMEC-V) and the Eating Attitudes Test-40 (EAT-40), as well as by assessing their physical/sporting activity and body mass index (BMI). Scores on the CIMEC-V were significantly correlated with the EAT-40 and BMI. As regards physical activity the only positive correlation referred to gym-based exercise. A cluster analysis revealed two subgroups with respect to physical activity, BMI, and scores on the CIMEC-V and EAT-40. One of them scored higher on these three variables and they also had a BMI > 25. The comparative study of data from 1998 and 2008 showed significant changes in some variables. Generally, the results differ considerably from those reported for younger samples (which would suggest a lower risk of disordered eating behaviour). However, there is a higher risk group in which the influence of body shape models, physical activity and eating behaviour are related to greater body volume. The influence of the body shape model on males has increased, especially as regards the influence of friends and in terms of behaviours aimed at weight loss.Nutricion hospitalaria: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Nutricion Parenteral y Enteral 26(1):201-7. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The current study used clinical and statistical significance tests to investigate the effects of two forms (didactic or interactive) of a universal prevention program on attitudes about shape and weight, eating behaviors, the influence of body aesthetic models, and self-esteem. Three schools were randomly assigned to one, interactive, didactic, or a control condition. Children (61 girls and 59 boys, age 9-11 years) were evaluated at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and at 6-month follow-up. Programs comprised eight, 90-min sessions. Statistical and clinical significance tests showed more changes in boys and girls with the interactive program versus the didactic intervention and control groups. The findings support the use of interactive programs that highlight identified risk factors and construction of identity based on positive traits distinct to physical appearance.Eating and weight disorders: EWD 10/2008; 13(3):111-8. DOI:10.1007/BF03327611 · 0.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In recent years, numerous studies have suggested the importance of the alteration of the perception of body image as an early symptom for the detection of eating disorders. Therefore, the objective of this paper was to do a review and analysis of the literature of those articles in which we may analyze the influence of friends, media and family about the body perception in children 8 to 13 years. For this was done a search for articles in the databases of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Science Direct, which relate sociocultural influences with the TCA and the body perception, for more than a decade. The female population and in developed countries were the main focus of attention in the research, the majority were of transverse type. In addition this hotfix allows you to observe that in spite of the fact that has been studied the socio-cultural influence that perception exists in the body there are still inconsistencies or lack of update on the investigations, which can be viewed in the instruments used and the design of the study. A limitation of this study was not encompass more years and find other reviews on the subject, that is why it is recommended to continue to extend the studies related to this theme not only with female shows, or in developed countries but also in those samples less studied.06/2013; 4(1):58-67.