Article

Cadenas globales y café en México.

Cuadernos Geográficos 01/2006;
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT En este artículo se exploran los cambios habidos en la estructura de la cadena del café mexicano que se destina a la exportación, con base en el enfoque de las cadenas globales de mercancías. Se analizan dichos cambios en dos diferentes contextos históricos: el período de regulación del mercado internacional del aromático, que a nivel nacional se corresponde con la existencia del INMECAFE, y el periodo de desregulación de los mercados, en que esta institución desaparece, en donde se transita de una estructura de gobernanza que favorecía a los países productores, a otra en que los últimos eslabones de la cadena constituyen los agentes hegemónicos, representados por comercializadores internacionales y tostadores. Los productores son quienes ven reducir su rentabilidad e ingresos, en el contexto de la grave crisis que hasta hoy prevalece en el sector cafetalero nacional.

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