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Kocher-debre-semelaigne syndrome with pericardial effusion

ABSTRACT We report a 10-year-old female child with hypothyroidism and limb muscle pseudohypertrophy (i.e., Kocher-Debre-Semelaigne syndrome) with pericardial effusion. The child presented with generalized swelling, breathlessness and difficulty in walking and in getting up from sitting position (of chronic duration). She had bradycardia, dull facies, marked hypertrophy of both calf muscles and nonpitting edema of legs. Pericardial effusion was detected clinically and confirmed on investigations. Muscle pseudohypertrophy was a striking feature, and hypothyroidism was confirmed on thyroid studies. The response to thyroxine replacement was excellent, with resolution of the pericardial effusion and clinical improvement. The unusual presence of pericardial effusion in Kocher-Debre-Semelaigne syndrome is discussed in the report.

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    ABSTRACT: Kocher-Debre-Semelaigne (KDS) syndrome is a rare form of hypothyroid myopathy, with associated hypertrophy of muscles. Although cardiac manifestations of hypothyroidism are well known, reports of cardiac involvement in KDS have only described the occurrence of pericardial effusion as an association. This report describes an adolescent male presenting with typical features of this rare syndrome along with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC/D), an association not yet described in the literature.
    Indian journal of endocrinology and metabolism. 11/2012; 16(6):1032-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Diffuse muscle hypertrophy is a rare complication of acquired hypothyroidism. When accompanied by stiffness, weakness, and painful muscle cramps, the condition is known as Hoffmann's syndrome (HS). HS is usually seen in young adults due to long-standing untreated primary hypothyroidism. We report a very rare case of HS with muscle hypertrophy and pituitary hyperplasia complicating hypothyroidism in an adolescent. Case: A 12-year-old male admitted with muscle pain, headache, and fatigue. He had marked hypertrophy of both calf and shoulder muscles. Laboratory tests indicated elevated muscle enzymes and lipids with an elevated thyrotropin and low thyroxine levels. Hashimoto thyroiditis was confirmed on thyroid studies. He had also papilledema bilaterally and magnetic resonance imaging showed an enlargement of the pituitary gland. Treatment with thyroid hormone resulted in complete improvement of symptoms within 3 months. Conclusions: HS is a rare but treatable form of acquired myopathies and can be seen in children due to untreated hypothyroidism. All patients with an acquired myopathy and muscular pseudohypertrophy should be screened regarding thyroid hormones.
    Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism: JPEM 11/2012; · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Kocher-Debré-Sémélaigne syndrome (KDSS) is a rare association of muscular pseudohypertrophy and hypothyroidism in children. We report an 11-year-old female child with hypothyroidism and limb muscle pseudohypertrophy with pericardial effusion. The patient presented with hypertrichosis only. She had dull facies and marked hypertrophy of both calves and cervical muscles. Pericardial effusion was confirmed on investigations. Muscle pseudohypertrophy was a striking feature, and hypothyroidism was confirmed on thyroid studies. Pericardial effusion is known in hypothyroidism but has been very rarely reported with KDSS.
    Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism: JPEM 01/2011; 24(11-12):1099-101. · 0.75 Impact Factor

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May 21, 2014