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    ABSTRACT: According to the last HIV surveillance survey conducted in 2008, the overall National HIV prevalence in Nigeria stands at 4.6%. Recent studies and estimates by UNAIDS/WHO show higher prevalences in some selected states in Nigeria. The focus of this study is to determine the prevalence, risk behaviour, attitude and knowledge of HIV among long-distance heavy-truckers from a cross-sectional survey conducted in the south-west Nigeria. Four major truck terminals (devoted to long-distance trips) in south western Nigeria were identified. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a total sample size of 451 truckers who consented to be interviewed. A questionnaire (in English, Hausa and Yoruba languages) for data collection on the socio-demographic, risk behaviour, attitude and knowledge of HIV from the truckers was also designed. The multiple logistic regressions analysis was used to assess the association between some selected variables and factors. Only 164 (36.4%) participants out of the study population of 451 were tested for HIV (due to limited test facilities and consent) and the prevalence of HIV antibodies among the truckers was found to be 2.4% (4/164) with all the infected individuals being within 21-30 years of age. 309 (68.1%) of the respondents admitted that they were at risk of contracting HIV while a total of 249 (55.3%) admitted that they had more than one sexual partners. In addition, while 392 (86.9%) said it was important for them to know their HIV status, 88 (19.5%) said that they would commit suicide should they test positive for HIV. Although the HIV prevalence rate observed among the tested participants (2.4%) was lower than the overall national prevalence (4.6%), the result calls for concern as it showed that the population of truckers is a potential high risk group in Nigeria. Also, the mobile nature of this high-risk group has made getting HIV/AIDS awareness messages across to them a difficult task.
    Journal of infection and public health. 12/2010; 3(4):166-78.
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    ABSTRACT: Even in generalized HIV/AIDS epidemics, vulnerable populations such as sex workers and truckers require special attention in programming. Combining a number of elicitation methods, centred on Geographical Information Systems (GIS) mapping, the Kenyan section of the Northern Corridor highway was studied to characterize the 'hot spots' where transactional sex is concentrated and to provide estimates of numbers of truckers and sex workers and the volumes of transactional sex taking place on the highway. An average of 2400 trucks park overnight at the 39 hot spots identified. These spots have an estimated sex worker population of 5600 women. Analysis of 403 sex worker diaries shows an average of 13.6 different clients and 54.2 sex acts in a month. Condom use is 69% in liaisons with regular clients and 90% with casual clients. The use of GIS is demonstrated at regional and local scales. The 'bridge population' of clients of sex workers, containing a wide rage of occupations, supports the concept of programming for 'vulnerable places' as well as vulnerable groups.
    Health & Place 07/2007; 13(2):504-19. · 2.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Among the long distance truck drivers in Nigeria, a major group that transmits HIV, the use of male latex condoms is generally low and erratic. To effectively promote their consistent use, it was necessary to understand the drivers' sexual practices, experience of barriers to condom use and HIV/AIDS-related attitudes. Four hundred and twelve long distance truck drivers were selected and interviewed in major truck stops along the country highways. The interview explored the drivers condom use barriers, their demographic characteristics, HIV/AIDS-related attitudes and practices. The drivers noted that their major barriers experienced were that condoms reduced their sexual satisfaction, caused health problems for them, and hindered their sexual interest. About 70% of the drivers knew about condoms HIV preventive measure, but only 9% consistently used them. The drivers that acknowledged that they always used a condom, had secondary education, were less likely to report that a condom was inconveniencing or caused health problems, rarely used local decoctions to improve sexual energy, and frequently listened to the radio. In conclusion, it is necessary to intensify condom education for the drivers through the radio, establish counselling centres, tailor counselling to reduce the barriers, and provide free condoms for the drivers.
    AIDS Care 03/2005; 17(2):208-21. · 1.60 Impact Factor

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