Toward Enhancing Twelve-Step Facilitation among young people: A systematic qualitative investigation of Young Adults' 12-step Experiences.

Substance Abuse (Impact Factor: 1.62). 08/2014; DOI: 10.1080/08897077.2014.950001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT ABSTRACT Background: Twelve-Step Facilitation (TSF) interventions designed to enhance rates of engagement with 12-step mutual help organizations (MHOs) have shown efficacy among adults, but research provides little guidance on how to adapt TSF strategies for young people. Methods: To inform TSF strategies for youth, this study used qualitative methods to investigate the self-reported experiences of 12-step participation, and reasons for non-attendance and discontinuation among young adults (18-24 yrs; N = 302). Responses to open-ended questions following residential treatment were coded into rationally-derived domains. Results: Young adults reported that cohesiveness, belonging, and instillation of hope were the most helpful aspects of attending 12-step groups; meeting structure and having to motivate oneself to attend meetings were the most common aspects young adults liked least; logistical barriers and low recovery motivation and interest were the most common reasons for discontinued attendance; and perceptions that one did not have a problem or needed treatment were cited most often as reasons for never attending. Conclusions: Findings may inform and enhance strategies intended to engage young people with community-based recovery focused 12-step MHOs and ultimately improve recovery outcomes.



Available from
Aug 25, 2014