Determination of Total Soluble Solids Content (Brix) and pH in Milk Drinks and Industrialized Fruit Juices
ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the Total Soluble Solids Content (TSSC) - Brix refratometry and pH values of milk drinks (yogurts and chocolate drink) and fruit juices ready to drink (FJRD). Method: Twenty milk drinks and ten fruit juices were evaluated by random experiment, with 3 repetitions for each sample. The analyis of TSSC were made for Brix refratometry and pH were determined. Results: The TSS content of drinks ranged from 13.26 to 26.30 for milk drinks and 10.23 to 13.53 to ready to drink juice. The maximum and lower values to pH were, respectively, 3.58 and 7.01 for milk drinks and 3.07 and 3.72 to drink juice. Conclusion: The high the concentration of TSSC verified in the milk and juice drinks, associated to a low pH can contribute to the development of decay lesions in case they be consumed in excess by the children.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives: This in vitro experimental study evaluated the endogenous pH, titratable acidity and total soluble solids content (TSSC) of pediatric antitussive medicines presented as syrups. Materials and Methods: Seven medicines were evaluated by a random experiment with 3 repetitions for each sample. pH analysis was performed by potentiometry and buffering capacity was assessed by dilution of each medicine. Increments of 0.1 N KOH were titrated until neutrality was reached. TSSC readings were performed by Brix refractometry using the Abbé refractometer. Results: pH values ranged from 2.65 (Mucolin®) to 6.56 (Fluimucil®) and four medicines showed pH below the critical value of 5.5. The titratable acidity values ranged from 0.061 (Fluimucil®) to 0.467 (Ambroxmel®). Fluimucil® presented the lowest TSSC content (4.33%) and Mucofan® presented the highest TSSC content (53.41%). Conclusions: Many pediatric antitussives showed pH below the critical value, high titratable values and high sugar concentration, which may increase their cariogenic and erosive potentials in case of inadequate administration of these products to children.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives: This in vitro study evaluated the endogenous pH and the content of total soluble solids (TSS) in concentrated and diluted in natura tropical fruit juices. Material and Methods: The sample was composed by 9 kinds of tropical fruits (Ananas sativus - pineapple; Malpighia glabra - acerola, Spondias lutea - hog plum; Anacardium occidentale - cashew fruit; Citrus sinensis - orange; Mangifera indica - mango; Passifl orasp - passion fruit; Citrulus vulgaris - watermelon and Vitis vinifera - grape). For concentrated and diluted juices, TSS content was determined by refractometry, using the Abbé refractometer, and the pH was determined by potentiometry. Results: All evaluated juices presented pH values lower than 5.5. The hog plum and watermelon juices presented the lowest (2.8) and highest (5.2) pH values, respectively. The dilution of the juices, however, did not produce pH alterations. For the concentrated juices, the TSS content ranged from 5.25% (acerola) to 16.0% (mango). After dilution, a decrease in the TSS content was observed in all tested samples. The fruit juices evaluated in this study presented lower pH values than the critical value assumed for dental demineralization, being therefore, potentially erosive. Conclusion: Although the dilution of the fruit juices did not produce expressive alterations in the pH values, it reduced remarkably the sugar content of the beverages.
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ABSTRACT: Mozambique is rich in wild fruit trees, most of which produce fleshy fruits commonly consumed in rural communities, especially during dry seasons. However, information on their content of macronutrients is scarce. Five wild fruit species (Adansonia digitata, Landolphia kirkii, Sclerocarya birrea, Salacia kraussii, and Vangueria infausta) from different districts in Mozambique were selected for the study. The contents of dry matter, fat, protein, ash, sugars, pH, and titratable acidity were determined in the fruit pulps. Also kernels of A. digitata and S. birrea were included in the study. The protein content in the pulp was below 5 g/100 g of dry matter, but a daily intake of 100 g fresh wild fruits would provide up to 11% of the recommended daily intake for children from 4 to 8 years old. The sugar content varied between 2.3% and 14.4% fresh weight. The pH was below 3, except for Salacia kraussii, for which it was slightly below 7. Kernels of A. digitata contained, on average, 39.2% protein and 38.0% fat, and S. birrea kernels 32.6% protein and 60.7% fat. The collection of nutritional information may serve as a basis for increased consumption and utilization.The Scientific World Journal 07/2013; 2013:601435. DOI:10.1155/2013/601435 · 1.73 Impact Factor