The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an especially designed intervention program in order to alleviate developmental coordination disorders (DCD) in elementary schoolchildren. The above program was implemented within school environment during physical education class. Participants were eight elementary schoolchildren (six boys and two girls), 8-11 year-old, with DCD. Movement Assessment Battery for Children (Henderson & Sugden, 1992) was used for the children’s motor assessment. The program was task oriented and its approach was knowledge based. The duration of the program was six weeks and included 12 practice units (two units per week) comprised of games and other activities. Two control groups were involved in the study. Control group I comprised of children with coordination problems who did not participated in the intervention program, while control group II comprised of children without any movement difficulties. The children of both control groups were following only the regular physical education instruction. The comparison among the experimental group and the control groups revealed that the intervention program had a positive effect on children with DCD. The experimental group exhibited significantly higher improvement in the majority of the motor tasks as well as in the total motor score. The encouraging results that emerge from the implementation of the intervention program show that movement difficulties can be improved with intensive practice. Furthermore, it seems that school environment constitutes an ideal environment for the implementation of such intervention programs. However, the permanent nature of the above positive effects remains to be established. In addition to that, the further education of the teacher of physical education on the planning and the application analogous programs seems warranted.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is an important risk factor in the development of children that can have a significant academic and social impact. This reinforces the need for its timely identification using appropriate assessment methods and accurate screening tests. The commonly used standardized motor test for the DCD identification is the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-Test (M-ABC Test) (Henderson & Sugden, 1992). The aim of the present study was to examine if the M-ABC Test can be considered to be the "gold standard" for the motor assessment of children with the aforementioned disorder. For that purpose, a critical review of the extant literature regarding M-ABC Test's psychometric properties was conducted. Neither the test manual nor the studies reviewed provide support for the reliability and validity of the M-ABC Test results in children with DCD. Until sufficient evidence for its technical adequacy is accumulated, the M-ABC Test should not be used in isolation for children with DCD.
Research in developmental disabilities 10/2010; 32(1):1-10. DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2010.09.006 · 4.41 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine specific aspects of the reliability and validity of age band 1 of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children--Second Edition (MABC-2) (Henderson, Sugden, & Barnett, 2007) in Greek preschool children. One hundred and eighty-three children participated in the study; the children ranged in age from 36 to 64 months old (M = 50 months, SD = 9 months). Test-retest reliability of the MABC-2 was evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Cronbach's alpha for the items of each motor domain was estimated to determine internal consistency. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine the factorial validity of the MABC-2 test. Correlation coefficients among individual item scores and the total score were also calculated to further examine validity. The ICC for all test items was good, except for the drawing trail task, which was moderate. Cronbach's alpha coefficient values were .51, .70 and .66 for manual dexterity, aiming and catching, and balance, respectively. In the confirmatory factor analysis, goodness-of-fit indices suggested a satisfactory fit of the data to the model. The correlation coefficients between each test item and the total score were moderate. The results suggest that the MABC-2 can be a reliable and valid tool for the assessment of movement difficulties among 3-5-year-old children.
Research in developmental disabilities 02/2011; 32(3):1046-51. DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2011.01.035 · 4.41 Impact Factor
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