Uso de medicamentos por idosos em região do sul do Brasil

Revista de Saúde Pública 01/2005; DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102005000600009
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT OBJETIVO: Descrever o uso de medicamentos por idosos, avaliar a presença de polifarmácia, os efeitos de características sociodemográficas e as condições de saúde no uso da medicação. MÉTODOS: Pesquisa de estudo transversal, realizado em 2001 e 2002, em Porto Alegre, no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, em uma amostra de 215 idosos. Os dados sobre o uso de medicamentos foram coletados por meio de um questionário preenchido durante visita domiciliar. Os medicamentos foram classificados de acordo com Anatomical-Therapeutical-Chemical Classification System. RESULTADOS: Dos entrevistados, 141 (66%) eram mulheres; 117 (54%) na faixa etária entre 60 e 70 anos, 157 (73%) brancos, 115 (53%) tinham companheiros(as) e 145 (67%) cursaram até o ensino fundamental. A prevalência de uso de medicação foi de 91% (n=195). Na semana anterior à entrevista foram utilizados 697 medicamentos, com média de 3,2 (DP=2,5) medicamentos por pessoa. Do total da amostra, 187 (87%) haviam realizado no mínimo uma consulta médica no último ano, 71 (33%) pessoas usavam medicamento sem prescrição médica e em 57 (27%) casos foi caracterizada polifarmácia. CONCLUSÕES: Constatou-se padrão elevado de uso de medicamentos entre pessoas de faixa etária igual ou superior a 60 anos que vivem na comunidade, com pequenas variações conforme as condições de saúde e características sociodemográficas.

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