Article

O papel da ultra-sonografia vascular com Doppler colorido na avaliação da hipertensão reno-vascular: acurácia da técnica direta de avaliação das artérias renais

Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia 01/2004; DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2004000500010
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT OBJETIVO: Avaliar a acurácia da ultra-sonografia vascular com Doppler colorido em relação à arteriografia digital por subtração de imagens, na identificação das estenoses hemodinamicamente significativas, nas artérias renais. MÉTODOS: Estudados, prospectivamente, pelo exame ultra-sonográfico, 137 artérias renais de 69 pacientes adultos, com suspeita de hipertensão arterial reno-vascular. Os resultados obtidos foram comparados, de maneira duplo-cega, ao estudo arteriográfico digital por subtração de imagens, e calculados a sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo, valor preditivo negativo e acurácia geral do exame para critérios previamente definidos. RESULTADOS: Na comparação entre os métodos, excluindo-se os laudos inconclusivos (7 artérias), das 130 artérias restantes, 116 (89,2%) artérias tiveram laudos concordantes e 14 (10,8%) discordantes. Os valores de sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo, valor preditivo negativo e acurácia geral da ultra-sonografia vascular com Doppler colorido foram respectivamente 95,33%, 88,14%, 89,86%, 94,55% e 91,94%. CONCLUSÃO: Existiu boa correlação entre os dois exames na avaliação das estenoses hemodinamicamente significativas das artérias renais, tornando-se a ultra-sonografia vascular com Doppler colorido método não invasivo útil na seleção de pacientes com suspeita de hipertensão reno-vascular.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
88 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: With the exception of conventional angiography, no previously proposed screening test has the necessary sensitivity/specificity to guide further evaluation for correctable renovascular disease. Recently, renal duplex sonography has been suggested as a useful substitute in such screening for renovascular disease. This report analyzes our data collected over the past 10 months in evaluation of renal duplex sonography to examine its diagnostic value. The study population for renal duplex sonography validity analysis consisted of 74 consecutive patients who had 77 comparative renal duplex sonography and standard angiographic studies of the arterial anatomy to 148 kidneys. Renal duplex sonography results from six kidneys (4%) were considered inadequate for interpretation. This study population contained 26 patients (35%) with severe renal insufficiency (mean 3.6 mg/dl) and 67 hypertension (91%). Fourteen patients (19%) had 20 kidneys with multiple renal arteries. Bilateral disease was present in 22 of the 44 patients with significant renovascular disease. Renal duplex sonography correctly identified the presence of renovascular disease in 41 of 44 patients with angiographically proven lesions, and renovascular disease was not identified in any patient free of disease. When single renal arteries were present (122 kidneys), renal duplex sonography provided 93% sensitivity, 98% specificity, 98% positive predictive value, 94% negative predictive value, and an overall accuracy of 96%. These results were adversely affected when kidneys with multiple (polar) renal arteries were examined. Although the end diastolic ratio was inversely correlated with serum creatinine (r = -0.3073, p = 0.009), low end diastolic ratio in 35 patients submitted to renovascular reconstruction did not preclude beneficial blood pressure or renal function response. We conclude from this analysis that renal duplex sonography can be a valuable screening test in the search for correctable renovascular disease causing global renal ischemia and secondary renal insufficiency (ischemic nephropathy). Renal duplex sonography does not, however, exclude polar vessel renovascular disease causing hypertension alone nor does it predict hypertension or renal function response after correction of renovascular disease.
    Journal of Vascular Surgery 10/1990; 12(3):227-36. · 2.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The most quoted literature on arteriographic complications is based on self-reports collected during the mid 1970s. We sought to determine whether those results remain valid despite changes in arteriographic practice and whether patient subgroups at increased risk could be identified. Five hundred forty-nine consecutive patients were examined after arteriography and twice over 72 hours. Patients were telephoned at least 2 weeks later to identify delayed complications. The sample was divided into two groups to allow independent validation of suspected prognostic factors. The rate of major complications was 2.9% (16/549), but varied from 0.7% to 9.1% among three strata of relative risk. Rates were highest in patients studied for suspected aortic dissection, mesenteric ischemia, gastrointestinal bleeding, or symptomatic carotid artery stenosis and lowest in patients with trauma or aneurysmal disease. Patients studied for claudication or limb-threatening ischemia had intermediate risk (2.0%). Within these strata, congestive heart failure and furosemide use were the only variables independently associated with a significantly increased complication rate. Previous reports have overestimated the risk of arteriography for trauma or aneurysm but substantially underestimate the risk for patients with other common conditions. Such stratified complication rates are essential to understand relative costs and benefits of arteriography and other vascular imaging modalities in specific clinical situations.
    Journal of Vascular Surgery 12/1995; 22(6):787-94. · 2.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess the accuracy of renal artery duplex scanning for the purpose of diagnosing atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis, we compared the findings of renal arteriograms to the results of duplex scanning in 41 patients. Using an increase of renal artery peak systolic flow velocity of greater than 180 cm/sec, duplex scanning was able to discriminate normal from diseased renal arteries with a sensitivity of 95% and a specificity of 90%. Using the principle that blood flow velocity across a stenosis is roughly proportional to the degree of stenosis, it appeared that a ratio of the peak velocity in the renal artery to the aorta (RAR) of greater 3.5 predicted a greater than 60% diameter reduction of that renal artery, which is felt to be a significant stenosis. Forty-eight vessels were classified as having a greater than 60% diameter reduction by arteriography. Using the RAR of greater than 3.5, duplex scanning agreed in 44 renal arteries (sensitivity 92%). In the 26 renal arteries where arteriography showed a less than 60% diameter reduction, duplex scanning agreed in 16 vessels and correctly detected a focal narrowing in nine of the remaining ten vessels. Ten of 11 occluded renal arteries were correctly identified by duplex scanning. Duplex scanning determined the location of the renal artery lesion with an accuracy of 95% (kappa 0.74). Since duplex scanning can accurately demonstrate and locate focal renal artery stenosis, we believe it may become an accurate screening test for renovascular hypertension.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    Kidney International 07/1991; 39(6):1232-9. · 8.52 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
0 Downloads
Available from