Article

Factores de riesgo asociados al uso de drogas en estudiantes adolescentes

Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem (Impact Factor: 0.54). 01/2004; DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692004000700011
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Objetivo Identificar factores de riesgo asociados al uso de drogas lícitas e ilícitas en estudiantes adolescentes de ambos sexos cursantes de educación básica y diversificada de instituciones públicas diurnas. Métodos Con base a un estudio descriptiva, de campo y transversal fue realizado estudio en el año 2002 en el Municipio Naguanagua, Estado Carabobo, Venezuela. Se utilizo un cuestionario anónimo auto aplicado denominado Test Drug Use Screening Inventory (DUSI) para adolescentes versión Venezuela, fue respondido por una muestra probabilística sistemática estratificada por año de estudio de estudiantes adolescentes de 12 a 17 años de edad de ambos sexos, de dos instituciones educativas públicas diurnas de educación básica y diversificada. Resultados Las áreas de riesgo alto asociadas al uso de drogas lícitas e ilícitas son las de familia y salud mental; mientras que en las de riesgo moderado se encuentran las áreas de recreación, conducta y escuela; y las de riesgo bajo pares, habilidades sociales y uso de drogas. Los resultados del Índice de Severidad Total, es alto. Esto es un indicador de que el adolescente venezolano presenta más riesgo de uso de drogas lícitas e ilícitas, pero al mismo tiempo presenta menos uso de drogas. Lo que pudiera indicar cómo la presencia de factores de protección interactúan con los factores de riesgo, para modificar el efecto de éstos.

0 Followers
 · 
251 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To describe the use of psychoactive substances (PAS) in addict population between 14 and 18 years of a foundation devoted to rehabilitation in the Department of Quindío, Colombia. Methods: Quantitative-descriptive research. The VESPA (Epidemiological surveillance for psycho-active substance abuse) Forms of the people admitted to the institution between 2006 and 2009. Results: During the study, 333 adolescents between 14 and 18 were attended. 75.4% were men, only 31.2% had primary education, 56% reported being unemployed, and 34.5% stated they were admitted at the foundation after legal indication. Upon admission, the PAS was: 44.2%, tobacco; 25.8%, marijuana; 18.0%, alcohol and 5.7% cocaine. The average starting age for men was 12.33, while for women was 11.96; reported substances showed the following starting averages: alcohol, 12.26 ys old; tobacco, 12.49 ys old; marijuana, 13.39 ys old; inhalants, 13.98 ys old; cocaine, 14.01 ys old; crack, 14.27 ys old; and heroin, 15 ys old. The average admission age to the institution was 15.7 ys old. Conclusions: Figures found highlight the need for greater and better prevention programs regarding PAS abuse in adolescents and children.
    07/2012; 41(3):550-561.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The family has been undergoing uncountless changes along the last decades, specially regarding its structure. Thus, nowadays, it has become subject to various kinds of adjustments. However, the basic functions of the family institution, the process of the psychological development of its members, remain the same. In view of this reality, adolescence and family relations have been the focus of a number of studies. The purpose of this research was to present a systematization of the results obtained through a bibliographic study involving two themes: family and adolescence. The referenced literature points out that the changes which occurred in the society, in the family structure and, in the way parents were raised have caused difficulties as regards the children's education, specially in the adolescence. Moreover, the early sexual initiation and drug addiction problem have been a concern to parents. It was concluded that more research should be conducted on family issues and adolescence, taking into consideration issues such as sexuality and substance abuse.
    Psicologia em Estudo 08/2007; 12(2):247-256.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Extant literature reports a frequent co-occurrence of substance consumption and antisocial behaviors. It is also postulated, therefore, that risk and protective factors are shared by the two behaviors. The purpose of this research is to test this notion by exploring whether family and peer-individual risk and protective factors are similarly associated with unique and co-occurring substance consumption and antisocial behaviors. A sample of 1,599 school students ranging between the ages of 11 and 19 completed a Spanish-language version of the Communities That Care Youth Survey (CTCYS). This instrument measures risk and protective factors and also captures adolescent drug consumption and antisocial behaviors. We find that risk and protective factors seem to operate in distinct ways for drug consumption and antisocial behaviors when they occur separately. Our findings indicate that the co-occurrence of both behaviors is related to risk factors, but it should not be inferred that the same factors will be present when only one behavior is observed.
    Substance Use &amp Misuse 09/2014; 49(14). DOI:10.3109/10826084.2014.956365 · 1.23 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
68 Downloads
Available from
Jun 5, 2014