A periodização do desenvolvimento psicológico individual na perspectiva de Leontiev, Elkonin e Vigostski

Cadernos Cedes 01/2004; DOI: 10.1590/S0101-32622004000100005
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Este estudo se propõe a analisar algumas contribuições da psicologia de Leontiev, Elkonin e Vigotski no campo da psicologia do desenvolvimento, mais especificamente a questão da periodização da ontogênese humana. Leontiev e Elkonin, seguindo a linha sócio-histórica ou histórico-cultural iniciada por Vigotski, desenvolveram as bases de uma psicologia do desenvolvimento que superasse o enfoque naturalizante tão forte nesse campo. Segundo eles cada período do desenvolvimento individual humano é caracterizado por uma atividade principal, ou atividade dominante, a partir da qual se estruturam as relações do indivíduo com a realidade social. São analisados também os períodos que Leontiev e Elkonin detectaram no desenvolvimento dos indivíduos nas condições sociais da USSR.

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    ABSTRACT: This article aims at analyzing some contributions of Elkonin on infantile development under the social-historical perspective. For this, we will approach one of his works entitled Psychic Development of the Child From Birth to the Admission at the School, published in 1969, in the book Psychology, by the Grijalbo publishing company, in Mexico. Elkonin, one of the disciples of Vigotski, explains, in this text, how the development of the child occurs, since the birth to the admission at the school, pinpointing the role of the adult in this process and the conditions of life and activity of the children that are paramount for their development.
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    Psicologia: Ciência e Profissão. 12/2012; 33(2):414-427.
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    ABSTRACT: This paper presents an analysis of the child development’s stages under the historic-cultural perspective. The principles and fundamentals which should support periodization of child development according to Vigotski are presented, seeking to highlight the historical and dialectical character of his propositions. The paper also briefly presents Leontiev and Elkonin important contributions to this issue. Initially, the importance of an historic approach to child development is discussed, emphasizing the relationship between child and society and the concrete historic conditions as determiners of the child development process. Then, the fundamentals of age periodization in child development proposed by Vigotski are introduced, pointing the relationship between his propositions and the principles of the dialectical method. Next, the periods of child development provisionally identified by Vigotski are presented, followed by Leontiev and Elkonin analysis of periodization in child development from the category of main activity.
    Psicologia em Estudo 03/2009; 14(1):31-40.


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