Article

Associations Between Reasons for Living and Diminished Suicide Intent Among African-American Female Suicide Attempters

Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease (Impact Factor: 1.81). 07/2014; 202(8). DOI: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000170
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT African-American women are at high risk for suicide ideation and suicide attempts and use emergency psychiatric services at disproportionately high rates relative to men and other ethnic groups. However, suicide death rates are low for this population. Cultural variables in the African-American community may promote resilience and prevent fatal suicidal behavior among African-American women. The present study evaluated self-reported reasons for living as a protective factor against suicidal intent and suicide attempt lethality in a sample of African-American female suicide attempters (n = 150). Regression analyses revealed that reasons for living were negatively associated with suicidal intent, even after controlling for spiritual well-being and symptoms of depression. These results indicate that the ability to generate and contemplate reasons for valuing life may serve as a protective characteristic against life-threatening suicidal behavior among African-American women. Implications for research and clinical practice are further discussed.

Full-text

Available from: Nadine Kaslow, Aug 25, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
73 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Previous studies of attempted suicide have cast doubt on the value of assessing psychological intent. By identifying a moderating variable, namely, the attempter's preconceptions about the lethality of his act, the authors were able to solve the puzzle of the low correlations between intent and lethality. Suicidal intent correlates highly with medical lethality when the attempter has sufficient knowledge to assess properly the probable outcome of his attempt. The authors conclude that suicidal intent and medical lethality are useful dimensions in classifying suicidal behavior.
    American Journal of Psychiatry 04/1975; 132(3):285-7. · 13.56 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Suicide is rare among older African American women. This article describes a study in which reasons for this phenomenon were explored. A study of attitudes toward suicide was conducted with a sample of African American and Caucasian women, 60 and older, in Omaha, Nebraska, USA, to explore differences between the two groups that might offer possible reasons for dissimilar suicide rates, as well as questions for further research. Scales were used to explore reasons for living, depression, intrinsic religiosity and attitudes toward suicide itself in 85 black (mean age 70.0) and 101 white (mean age 78.25) women through use of questionnaires completed individually by the respondents in group settings. Black participants had significantly greater negative attitudes toward suicide than did whites, as well as somewhat greater intrinsic religiosity. The two groups did not differ on depression, but blacks scored higher on 'reasons for living', although these differences were not large. Total scores were similar on intrinsic religiosity, with a significant difference on only one item. Previous theory suggested possible protective buffers against suicide in older black women. It may be that for older African American women, suicide is simply not seen as an option.
    Mortality 07/2000; 5(2):158-170. DOI:10.1080/713686004
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Spirituality and its relationship to mental health outcomes (self-concept and coping style), familial attitudes (family climate and attitudes toward parenting), and satisfaction with social support was examined among African American women in recovery from substance abuse. Using the Spiritual Well-Being Scale as a measure of spirituality, the median split method was used to divide a sample of 146 African American women in recovery from substance abuse into high and low spirituality groups. It was found that women in the high spirituality group expressed a more positive self-concept, active coping style, perceptions of family climate, and attitudes toward parenting than women in the low spirituality group. In addition, the high spirituality group expressed greater satisfaction with their
    Journal of Black Psychology 11/2000; 26(4):470-486. DOI:10.1177/0095798400026004008 · 0.73 Impact Factor