Article

Utilidad del análisis geográfico en el estudio de las muertes por atropellamiento

Salud Pública de México 01/2000;
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT OBJETIVO: Plantear la utilidad de aplicar el análisis geográfico en el estudio de las muertes provocadas por atropellamiento. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio transversal, en el año 2000, sobre mortalidad por atropellamiento, de acuerdo con la IX Revisión de la Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades. Se analizaron certificados de defunción de personas que vivían y fallecieron en la ciudad de México, Distrito Federal, de 1994 a 1997, debido a un atropellamiento. Se calcularon tasas crudas de mortalidad por delegación política y por sexo, asimismo se generaron mapas que contienen las correferencias de las muertes, a distintos grados de agregación, utilizando el programa Map-Info. RESULTADOS: Del total de 3 687 defunciones por atropellamiento, 71% correspondieron a personas que vivían en la ciudad de México. Sólo se incluyeron en el proceso de georreferencia 1 152 defunciones (43.5%) que eran las que contaban con información referente al sitio de ocurrencia del atropellamiento. Los resultados, según nivel de agregación, fueron, a nivel delegación política: Milpa Alta, Cuajimalpa y Cuauhtémoc, con tasas por arriba de 23/100 000 habitantes; a nivel colonia, 10 presentan concentraciones de nueve y más casos, y a nivel calle, destaca un punto ubicado en La Venta, en Cuajimalpa, con 25 defunciones. CONCLUSIONES: Este tipo de análisis es fundamental desde las perspectivas espacial y epidemiológica al relacionar algunos factores espaciales que coadyuvan en la ocurrencia de atropellamientos. Estos estudios contribuyen al conocimiento y prevención de las muertes por atropellamiento.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
76 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Traffic injuries in Argentina are the most frequent cause of death from external injuries and a public health problem of increasing magnitude at the global level. The objectives of this study are to establish the level of spatial autocorrelation at the department level and identify the formation of groupings by calculating local indicators of spatial association at the national level. The results reveal a significantly positive level of autocorrelation in Argentina. A negative level of spatial autocorrelation was recorded when mortality from road injuries was related to population density. It was also noted that mortality from road injuries could pose a more serious problem outside large urban areas.
    Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública 05/2012; 31(5):439-42. · 0.85 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To analyze mortality due to birth defects from 1998-2006. To select municipalities with high mortality among children under 5 years of age. The source of information was mortality records from vital statistics collected by SSA/INEGI. We used the 2005 Municipal Geostatistical Framework by INEGI and SIGEPI for the spatial analysis. The selection criteria were municipalities with 80% and over of deaths due to birth defects. Deaths diminished 8% during 1998-2006 and rates decreased 20%. A total of 42.57% - 48% of deaths are due to circulatory system defects and 13.69% - 19.39% are due to the nervous system; the former rose 4% and the latter fell 32%. Eighty percent or more occur in children under 5 years and the rate in this group fell 8.63%. A total of 1 025 (41.82%) municipalities are priorities, 104 (10.14%) are high and 102 (9.95%) are very high priorities, where 66% of deaths occur among children under 5 years old. The interventions to decrease mortality due to birth defects should be directed towards one-year-old children (75%) and towards 8.4% of the municipalities that are a very high priority, since they represent 66% of the deaths.
    Salud publica de Mexico 10/2009; 51(5):381-9. · 0.94 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To determine non-fatal road traffic injuries (NFRTI) prevalence and its distribution in Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from ENSANUT Survey 2006 were used. Using simple random sampling, one adult, one adolescent and one child were selected in each household, constituting a final sample of 94 197 representing an N of 102 886 482 people. The dependent variable was the prevalence of road traffic injuries (RTI) during the 12 months prior to the survey. RESULTS: The general accident prevalence was 6.0%; 16.7% corresponded to NFRTI. Men in the 20 to 44 age group living in urban areas and with high socioeconomic status had a higher RTI prevalence (p<0.05). Jalisco, Aguascalientes and Sonora were states with the highest prevalence of RTI, while Guerrero, Michoacan and Oaxaca were those with the lowest. CONCLUSIONS: NFRTI are frequent in Mexico and they are concentrated among men in productive ages in urban areas; they are associated with socioeconomic status at the individual level and with the state's development at the population level.
    Salud publica de Mexico 01/2008; 50. · 0.94 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
1 Download
Available from