Associação entre cagA e alelos do vacA de Helicobacter pylori e úlcera duodenal em crianças no Brasil

Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial 01/2002; DOI: 10.1590/S1676-24442002000200003
Source: DOAJ


Helicobacter pylori é o principal agente de gastrite em seres humanos e fator de risco para úlcera péptica e câncer gástrico. A evolução da infecção está relacionada a diversos fatores, inclusive bacterianos, como presença de cagA e genótipo s1-m1 do vacA, associados com o desenvolvimento de úlcera e adenocarcinoma gástrico. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a associação entre cagA e alelos do vacA em H. pylori isolado de crianças e relacionar os achados com a doença apresentada pelo paciente. Foram estudadas 65 crianças (24 com úlcera duodenal e 41 sem úlcera gástrica ou duodenal). A pesquisa de cagA e de alelos do vacA foi feita por PCR em amostras da bactéria isoladas do estômago dos pacientes. Infecção mista foi identificada em dez (15,4%) crianças. Entre os pacientes com monoinfecção, o alelo s1 foi detectado em amostras isoladas de 40 (72,7%), e o m1 em 34 (61,8%). CagA foi identificado em H. pylori isolado de 38 (69,1%) pacientes. Foi observada associação entre presença de cagA e de genótipo s1-m1 (p = 10-7) e entre cagA e padrão s1-m1 com úlcera duodenal (p = 0,073 e p = 0,037, respectivamente). Em conclusão, infecção mista por H. pylori é comum em crianças brasileiras, e amostras da bactéria apresentando o alelo s1 e cagA são as mais prevalentes no nosso meio. A concomitância do alelo s1 do vacA e de cagA foi freqüentemente observada, e a associação de amostras positivas de s1 e de cagA com úlcera duodenal foi confirmada neste trabalho.

Download full-text


Available from: Edilberto Mendes, Oct 05, 2015
22 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Alleles of the vacuolating cytotoxin gene (vacA) of Helicobacter pylori vary between strains, particularly in the region encoding the signal sequence (which may be type s1 or s2) and the midregion (which may be type m1 or m2). Using a PCR-based typing system developed in the United States, we showed that 36 strains from Asia and South America were all vacA signal sequence type s1; 3 were midregion type m1 and 11 were m2, but 22 could not be typed for the vacA midregion. All strains possessed cagA (cytotoxin-associated gene A), another virulence marker. vacA nucleotide sequence analysis showed that midregion typing failure was due to base substitutions at the primer annealing sites. Using the new sequence data, we developed two new PCR-based vacA midregion typing systems, both of which correctly typed 41 U.S. strains previously typed by the old system and successfully typed all 36 of the non-U.S. strains. All previously untypeable strains were vacA m1, other than one m1/m2 hybrid. In summary, we describe and validate a simple PCR-based system for typing vacuolating cytotoxin (vacA) alleles of H. pylori and show that this system correctly identifies the signal and midregion types of vacA in 77 strains from Asia and North and South America.
    Journal of Clinical Microbiology 10/1999; 37(9):2979-82. · 3.99 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: vacA encodes the vacuolating cytotoxin of Helicobacter pylori and exhibits marked variation in signal sequence and midgene coding regions. The implications for gastroduodenal pathology are unknown. The aim of this study was to define the association of vacA genotype with gastric inflammation and injury, in vitro cytotoxin activity, and peptic ulceration. Sixty-one consecutive dyspeptic patients underwent endoscopy and gastric biopsy. The biopsy specimens were processed for H. pylori culture, and 52 specimens were also processed for histology. H. pylori vacA was typed by polymerase chain reaction and colony hybridization. Cytotoxin activity was assessed by a HeLa cell vacuolation assay. vacA signal sequence type s1a strains were associated with greater antral mucosal neutrophil and lymphocyte infiltration than s1b or s2 strains (P < 0.05). vacA midregion type m1 strains were associated with greater gastric epithelial damage than m2 strains (P < 0.05). Both midregion and signal sequence were associated with cytotoxin activity in vitro. Duodenal ulcer disease occurred in 89% of 18 patients with s1a strains vs. 29% of 14 with s1b strains (P < 0.01), 20% of 10 with s2 strains (P < 0.001), and 16% of 19 uninfected patients (P < 0.001). H. pylori strains of vacA signal sequence type s1a are associated with enhanced gastric inflammation and duodenal ulceration. vacA s2 strains are associated with less inflammation and lower ulcer prevalence.
    Gastroenterology 01/1997; 112(1):92-9. DOI:10.1016/S0016-5085(97)70223-3 · 16.72 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori isolates from 32 children and adolescents were characterized with respect to putative virulence and colonization-associated properties. Only 3 of the subjects had duodenal ulcer. All but 2 of the remaining 29 had various degrees of chronic gastric inflammation. No significant correlation between degree of inflammation and presence of the cag-pathogenicity island, cytotoxin production, vacA alleles associated with cytotoxin expression, and binding ability to the Lewis(b) (Le[b]) oligosaccharide was found. Only 4 isolates expressed the Le(b)-specific adhesin, of which 3 were also cag region-positive. This is in contrast to adults with gastritis or peptic ulcer disease (or both), in whom most of the H. pylori isolates bind Le(b). In an in situ binding assay H. pylori were less able to adhere to gastric surface mucous cells in biopsies taken from children compared with adults, suggesting a lower expression of the Le(b) oligosaccharide in the children.
    The Journal of Infectious Diseases 02/1998; 177(1):247-52. DOI:10.1086/517365 · 6.00 Impact Factor
Show more