Article

Estudo de características do sistema mamário e suas relações com a produção de leite em vacas da raça Gir

Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia (Impact Factor: 0.56). 01/2000; DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982000000100018
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT RESUMO - Os objetivos deste trabalho foram estimar as herdabilidades e as correlações genéticas, fenotípicas e de ambiente para produção (T305), altura anterior (ALA) e posterior (ALP) do úbere, comprimento anterior (CAN) e posterior (CPO) das tetas, diâmetro anterior (DAN) e posterior (DPO) das tetas, forma anterior (FA) e posterior (FP) das tetas e forma de ponta de tetas anteriores (FA) e posteriores (FP), por intermédio de um modelo que incluiu os efeitos fixos de ano-estação, rebanho-avaliador, idade à mensuração e efeitos aleatórios de animal (2251 classes), permanente de meio (925 classes) e erro, pelo método de Máxima Verossimilhança Restrita. Produção de leite e características do sistema mamário foram analisadas usando 1804 registros. As estimativas de herdabilidade em análises uni e bivariada foram 0,26 para produção de leite, com variação de 0,09 (FA) a 0,47 (ALA e ALP) para as características do sistema mamário. As estimativas de correlações entre T305, ALA e ALP foram moderadas e negativas (-0,15 a -0,46) e menores (-0,28 a 0,23) para as demais características do úbere. A seleção para aumento da produção de leite levaria a desejáveis respostas correlacionadas em algumas características do sistema mamário, principalmente altura anterior e posterior do úbere (ALA e ALP).

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