A implicação da família no uso abusivo de drogas: uma revisão crítica

Ciência & Saúde Coletiva 01/2003; DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232003000100022
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Este artigo apresenta uma revisão crítica da literatura sobre a relação entre adolescência, família e uso abusivo de drogas. Discorre sobre a importância da inserção do sintoma drogadicção no contexto familiar e sociocultural para o entendimento de sua complexidade. A família é vista como uma das fontes de socialização primária do adolescente, juntamente com a escola e o grupo de amigos. As práticas educativas e os estilos de criação da família, com seus três diferentes tipos de controle parental, são ressaltados porque podem facilitar, ou não, o uso abusivo de drogas. Os resultados das pesquisas apontam para a importância de se engajar a família no tratamento do adicto e alguns estudos ampliam o foco para engajar contextos sociais múltiplos - família, amigos, escola, comunidade e sistema legal - no tratamento do adolescente que faz uso abusivo de drogas.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the association between drug use and parenting styles perceived by Brazilian adolescent children. This cross-sectional study enrolled adolescents aged 14 to 19 years that used the Serviço Nacional de Orientações e Informações sobre a Prevenção do Uso Indevido de Drogas (VIVAVOZ). A total of 232 adolescents participated in the study. Phone interviews were conducted using the Parental Responsiveness and Demandingness Scale, which classifies maternal and paternal styles perceived by adolescent children as authoritative, neglectful, indulgent or authoritarian. Sociodemographic variables were collected and an instrument was used to assess monthly drug use and abuse. Maternal and paternal parenting styles perceived as neglectful, indulgent or authoritarian (non-authoritative) were significantly associated with drug use (odds ratio [OR] = 2.8; 95% confidence interval [95%CI], 1.3-5.7 for mothers and OR = 2.8; 95%CI, 1.3-6.3 for fathers). Non-authoritative styles also had a significant association with tobacco use in the previous month in the analysis of maternal (OR = 2.7; 95%CI, 1.2-6.5) and paternal (OR = 3.9; 95%CI, 1.4-10.7) styles, and use of cocaine/crack in the previous month (OR = 3.9; 95%CI, 1.1-13.8) and abuse of any drug (OR = 2.2; 95%CI, 1.0-5.1) only for the paternal style. Logistic regression revealed that maternal style (OR = 3.3; 95%CI, 1.1-9.8), adolescent sex (OR = 3.2; 95%CI, 1.5-7.2) and age (OR = 2.8; 95%CI, 1.2-6.2) were associated with drug use. Adolescents that perceived their mothers as non-authoritative had greater chances of using drugs. There was a strong association between non-authoritative paternal styles and adolescent drug abuse.
    Jornal de pediatria 01/2011; 87(3):238-44. · 1.07 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The research has as starting point a community planning to discuss the health status of one of the key risk areas of Fortaleza, Ceará state, in which the theme of drugs was highlighted. It was intended to get in touch with what young people perceive as factors of risk and protection for drug abuse in their community. It is a qualitative study in which the focus group was used as technique for obtaining information. Data processing systematized common themes, dividing them into two categories of analysis: risk factors and protection factors for involvement with drugs. In the speech of adolescents, it was noted that multiple related factors coexist, sometimes as aspects of influence, sometimes as protectors, such as: family, social group, school, life in the danger zone and the media. On the other hand, the social support networks appeared essentially as protective. We also realized that some issues were raised transversely to the central theme, as life chances of those young people and the need for public policies that are important in supporting social networks, family and work in hazardous areas. So what is put into question is the impossibility of consensus on the unique factors of risk or protection. From this, we highlight the importance of enhancing the discussion and provoking thoughts about possible ways of life outside the circuit of drugs.
    Physis Revista de Saúde Coletiva 06/2012; 22(2):803-819.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research was to characterize the profile of adolescents hospitalized for detoxification in a public hospital in the West of Paraná and correlate the socio-demographic variables with the use of street drugs. It is a retrospective study from the consultations in 81 protocols of admission of addicted adolescents hospitalized from March 2007 to April 2008. The largest admission was of male adolescents (79%).The most frequently used drugs by were crack (87.6%), followed by marijuana (85.2%), from these, 79% of these adolescents use these two drugs concomitantly. Most adolescents (55.6%) reported using drugs for more than three years, and 56.8% had already received some type of treatment before admission. Factors that lead to abusive consumption of drugs, such as easy access, leaving school, the use of drugs in the family and lack of motivation for treatment were identified.
    Revista brasileira de enfermagem 01/2010; 63(5):735-40. · 0.25 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 2, 2014