Article

A gestão ambiental, novo desafio para a psicologia do desenvolvimento sustentável

Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) 01/2003; DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2003000200005
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Todo projeto industrial, desenvolvimento urbano ou oferta de serviço implica modificações em seu entorno, um impacto ambiental que pode afetar mais do que o local físico. Essas mudanças podem ser gestionadas positivamente, para minimizar seu impacto, ou podem ser ignoradas, deixando que o meio alterado (físico e social) siga seu curso, normalmente em um processo de degradação cada vez mais acelerado. A forma atual de entender a gestão ambiental remete ao conjunto de ações preventivas e paliativas para minimizar os efeitos ambientais da atividade humana. A gestão ambiental é antes de tudo gestão do comportamento humano, tanto dentro como fora das organizações. A pergunta que devemos nos fazer é se a Psicologia Ambiental tem suficiente bagagem - ou se está disposta a desenvolvê-la - para fazer frente ao desafio e assumir a responsabilidade de estar presente na gestão ambiental. Este artigo revisa algumas novas propostas nesse campo.

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    Medio ambiente y comportamiento humano: Revista Internacional de Psicología Ambiental, ISSN 1576-6462, Vol. 8, Nº. 1-2, 2007, pags. 1-28. 01/2007;
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    ABSTRACT: This is the second of two papers on blueprints for a history of Environmental Psychology. We have determined four stages: the First Environmental Psychology, the American Transition, Architectural Psychology, and Environmental Psychology for Sustainability. The previous paper dealt with the former two stages. We located their origins in early twentieth-century in Germany, with Hellpach and other authors who spoke specifically about Environmental Psychology. Definitions of boundaries of this stage are somewhat fuzzy. The period projects themselves until the 1930s, with the migration of a significant number of German psychologists to the United States. Thus began the "American Transition". In this stage, that brings us to the end of the 1950s, we followed the trace of the discipline during a time when it was uncommon to speak about the existence of an Environmental Psychology. However, it was at this time that a large part of the theoretical foundations of subsequent stages were established. This paper describes what some authors call the "Second Birth of Environmental Psychology" (Kruse and Graumann, 1987), and what we label as the "Age of Architectural Psychology". In the description of this period we identify a crisis of relevance and an epistemological crisis at the end of the 1970s which, in the 1980s, gives rise to a two-fold shift - both social and green - that results in the formation of a new Environmental Psychology aimed at sustainability at the turn of the century. As a 'blueprint', this series of papers does not intend to offer a comprehensive review of the contributions made to the field, but rather aims to provide information in order to understand its strengths and weaknesses, its common ground and contradictions, and, in short, its construction as a theoretical and applied science.
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