Do Conceito de Estrutura Narrativa à sua Crítica

Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica 01/2001; DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722001000300015
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT O presente trabalho constitui-se em uma revisão das principais teorias responsáveis pela elaboração do conceito de estrutura narrativa a partir dos anos sessenta e de sua crítica, em estudos publicados nos anos oitenta. Inicia apresentando a gênese do conceito de narrativa e seu desenvolvimento, na lingüística e, paralelamente, na psicologia. Neste trabalho, mostramos que os estudos da narrativa sofreram uma mudança de enfoque, desde o estudo do modo como representamos nossas estórias, até o estudo de como construímos uma representação da experiência do tempo e do mundo.

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    ABSTRACT: Development of oral narrative. To verify narrative and pause duration, number of words and interlocutor's interventions in the oral narratives of children with typical development. This study involved 31 subjects divided into four groups according to age: GI (3:1 to 4:0 years), GII (4:1 to 5:0 years), GIII (5:1 to 6:0 years) and GIV (6:1 to 7:0 years). Samples of spontaneous narrative and narrative based on a book without words were video recorded, transcribed and statistically analyzed using the Fisher's exact test (nonparametric) and the linear regression model with mixed effects. The results of pause duration, narrative duration and number of words were significantly higher for the narrative samples produced using a book than those obtained in the spontaneous narratives (p-value < 0.01). Regarding the number of interventions, a correlation (p-value = 0.03) between age and number of interventions was observed for the book context. It was observed that the number of interventions decrease with age. Children presented longer narratives in the book context. However, no significant differences were observed between the age groups. The results of the study also suggest that the interlocutor's interventions become less necessary with the aging process.
    Pró-fono: revista de atualização científica 12/2010; 22(4):391-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Narratives are ever more frequent in qualitative studies seeking to interpret experiences and the different viewpoints of individuals in a given context. Starting from this concept, the tradition that addresses narrative is reexamined, including the philosophy of Paul Ricoeur, the historical perspective of Walter Benjamin and the field of medical anthropology grounded in phenomenology. In Ricoeur, with hermeneutics as a variation derived from phenomenology, narrative is linked to temporality. In Benjamin, narrative comprised of bits and pieces, always inconclusive, emerges in spite of the official stories. If Ricoeur retrieves tradition from Gadamer as a fundamental component for the construction of the world of a text that makes imitation of life possible, Benjamin, faced with the collapse of tradition, suggests the invention of narrative forms outside the traditional canons, making it possible to hark to the past in order to change the present. Assumptions of medical anthropology are also presented, as they consider narrative a dimension of life and not its abstraction, namely an embodied and situated narrative. Lastly, three distinct research projects in mental health that use narrative linked to the theoretical concepts cited with their differences and similarities are presented.
    Ciencia & saude coletiva 10/2013; 18(10):2847-57.
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    ABSTRACT: This article presents data of one of the studies developed in the thesis "The narrative text as therapeutic intervention in written language problems in adolescence" (Grohs, 2009): a structural analysis of the narrative text produced in psychoanalytical psychotherapy. This analysis points to the possibility of using the narrative text as an instrument of intervention and of measuring results in research in clinic psychotherapy of adolescents who present symptoms in written language learning.
    Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicología. 12/2011; 7(2):335-349.

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