Article

EXTRAÇÃO DE LIPÍDEOS DA AMÊNDOA DE CASTANHA DE CAJU COM CO2 SUPERCRÍTICO

Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos (Impact Factor: 0.33). 01/1997; DOI: 10.1590/S0101-20611997000400012
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Nos últimos anos, vem crescendo o interesse em alimentos com baixo índice de calorias. Nos métodos tradicionais de extração de lipídeos com solventes orgânicos, devido as condições de extração, a integridade dos compostos extraídos e da matriz pode ser afetada pela decomposição térmica ou por contaminação pelo solvente. A extração com fluido supercrítico (EFSC) pode proporcionar um método alternativo para remover lipídeos, sem que haja redução significativa nas propriedades organolépticas do produto. O objetivo deste trabalho é extrair parcialmente o óleo contido na amêndoa da castanha de caju (Anacardium occidentale) com dióxido de carbono (CO2) supercrítico em condições de pressão de 100-170 bar e temperatura de 40-80 (C, para obter um produto de valor calórico reduzido que poderá ser usado como substituto para o amendoim e outras amêndoas na indústria de confeitos. Os experimentos foram realizados em um extrator de 300 ml, dispondo de sistemas de agitação magnética e variação de temperatura. Os resultados experimentais mostraram que o aumento da pressão acarretou um aumento na eficiência de extração. O efeito da temperatura foi o mesmo porém menos significativo.

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