Article

Efeitos de diferentes doses de tamoxifeno sobre a proliferação celular do epitélio mamário

Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia 01/2003; DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032003000300007
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT OBJETIVO: analisar quantitativamente a imunorreação do anticorpo monoclonal Ki-67 no epitélio de tecido mamário adjacente ao fibroadenoma de mulheres no menacme tratadas com tamoxifeno, durante 50 dias, nas doses de 5, 10 e 20 mg/dia. MÉTODOS: foram incluídas prospectivamente mulheres no menacme. O tamoxifeno foi administrado durante 50 dias, nas doses de 5, 10 e 20 mg/dia. Empregou-se a imunorreação do anticorpo monoclonal Ki-67 (clone Ki-S5) no epitélio mamário adjacente ao fibroadenoma. Avaliou-se, de forma aleatória, em duplo-cego, 58 pacientes eumenorréicas, que foram divididas em quatro grupos: Grupo A (n=13; placebo), Grupo B (n=16; 5 mg tamoxifeno/dia), Grupo C (n=14; 10 mg/dia) e Grupo D (n=15; 20 mg/dia). Todas receberam a medicação a partir do primeiro dia do ciclo menstrual e as cirurgias foram realizadas no último dia da medicação. Contaram-se os núcleos corados e não corados pelo imunorreagente por microscopia óptica (400) acoplada a sistema digital de captura e análise de imagem. RESULTADOS: a porcentagem média de núcleos corados foi calculada para todos os grupos: no Grupo A foi de 2,0 com erro padrão (EP) de 0,3; no Grupo B, de 0,7 (EP=0,2); no Grupo C, de 0,4 (EP=0,2) e, no Grupo D, de 0,1 (EP=0). A análise de variância revelou haver diferença estatística entre os grupos (p<0,001), e o teste de comparações múltiplas de Tukey confirmou haver redução significativa da imunorreação do anticorpo monoclonal Ki-67 nos Grupos B, C e D. CONCLUSÕES: o tamoxifeno, administrado nas doses de 5, 10 e 20 mg/dia durante 50 dias, reduziu de forma significante a imunorreação do anticorpo monoclonal Ki-67 no epitélio mamário de mulheres no menacme. Não houve diferença significante entre os grupos que receberam 5, 10 e 20 mg ao dia de tamoxifeno.

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