Article

Efeitos da Histerectomia Total Abdominal sobre o Fluxo Sangüíneo Ovariano

Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia 01/2002; DOI:10.1590/S0100-72032002000500007
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Objetivo: avaliar os efeitos da histerectomia total abdominal (HTA) sobre o fluxo sangüíneo ovariano, em mulheres no menacme, por meio da dopplervelocimetria e ultra-sonografia transvaginal. Métodos: estudo prospectivo no qual foram incluídas 61 mulheres, com idade igual ou inferior a 40 anos. As pacientes foram divididas em dois grupos: G1, com 31 pacientes submetidas à HTA, e G2, com 30 mulheres normais não submetidas à cirurgia. Somente foram incluídas pacientes eumenorréicas, ovulatórias, não-obesas ou fumantes, sem cirurgias ou doenças ovarianas prévias. Avaliou-se o fluxo sangüíneo das artérias ovarianas, inicialmente e aos 6 e 12 meses, pelo índice de pulsatilidade (IP) na dopplervelocimetria, e o volume ovariano pela ultra-sonografia transvaginal (US). Para análise estatística empregou-se teste t pareado, análise de perfil, teste de Friedman e teste de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: na comparação estatística inicial os grupos foram homogêneos quanto às características epidemiológicas e quanto aos demais parâmetros avaliados neste estudo. Nas pacientes submetidas à histerectomia, observaram-se aos 6 e 12 meses aumento do volume ovariano ao US e diminuição do IP avaliado pela dopplervelocimetria (p<0,05), quando confrontadas ao controle. Aos 12 meses, em 8 das 31 pacientes pós-HTA (25,5%) verificou-se ocorrência de cistos ovarianos de aspecto benigno. No grupo controle não houve alteração de nenhum desses parâmetros. Conclusão: a redução do IP na dopplervelocimetria das artérias ovarianas sugere aumento do fluxo sangüíneo ovariano pós-histerectomia total abdominal em mulheres no menacme.

0 0
 · 
0 Bookmarks
 · 
382 Views
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prophylactic oophorectomy remains a controversial issue among gynecological surgeons. A woman's history of hereditary ovarian cancer syndrome is currently considered the most important indication for prophylactic oophorectomy. This is because of the high risk of ovarian cancer developing in these women and the poor prognosis that is generally associated with ovarian cancer. The purpose of prophylactic oophorectomy in women with no family history of hereditary ovarian cancer syndrome who present for hysterectomy because of other gynecological indications is, however, less clear. The attitude of the patients toward removal of normal ovaries deserves special consideration when counseling for prophylactic oophorectomy in this group of women. Knowledge about the risk of ovarian cancer in the conserved ovaries, cancer phobia, possible psychological effects of prophylactic oophorectomy, and the need for long-term hormone replacement therapy if prophylactic oophorectomy is carried out, are all important considerations in the counseling process.
    Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey 09/1998; 53(8):493-9. · 2.51 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To address the controversy of ovarian preservation during a hysterectomy for benign indications by using our experience with residual ovary syndrome (ROS). Over a period of 20 years, 2561 hysterectomies (during which one or both ovaries were preserved) were performed at the Golda Medical Center, Israel. A retrospective, quasi, case-control analysis was undertaken. The incidence of ROS was 2.85%. While chronic pelvic pain was the principle indication for subsequent reexploration in 52 patients (71.3%), an asymptomatic pelvic mass noted during routine follow-up examination accounted for 24.6% of operations for ROS. The majority (75.4%) of patients underwent surgery during the first 10 years, while the highest incidence occurred within the first 5 years (46.6%). Furthermore, histological examination revealed functional cysts, benign neoplasm and ovarian carcinoma in 50.7%, 42.6% and 12.3% of the cases, respectively (in nine patients more than one pathology was observed). Since ROS was found to occur in 1/35 women who had undergone previous hysterectomies mainly due to physiologic ovarian function and benign cyst formation, but not malignancy, we believe that routine oophorectomy is justified in premenopausal women over 45 years of age. However, the final decision to perform elective oophorectomy at the time of hysterectomy for benign disease should be established on an individual basis, taking into consideration age, individual and family risk factors, the patient's preference and ability to ensure long-term compliance to exogenous hormone replacement therapy.
    European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 10/1996; 68(1-2):159-64. · 1.84 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine trends in incidence and survival between 1935 and 1991 and to evaluate risk factors for ovarian cancer among Olmsted County, Minnesota women. All newly diagnosed cases of ovarian cancer among Olmsted County women in 1975-1991 were identified using the medical records linkage system of the Rochester Epidemiology Project. In order to assess trends, incidence rates in the subset of Rochester women were compared with Rochester rates for 1935-1974. Survival was evaluated by the Kaplan-Meier product-limit method. A case-control analysis of risk factors compared Olmsted County women with invasive epithelial ovarian cancer and an age-matched group of women from the community by logistic regression. Altogether, 129 Olmsted County women were newly diagnosed with ovarian cancer in 1975-1991. The age-adjusted (to 1970 United States whites) incidence rate was 22.5 per 100,000 person-years. Median survival from initial diagnosis was 3.7 years. Compared to an equal number of controls, the 103 women with invasive epithelial disease were more likely to be nulliparous (odds ratio [OR] 1.9; 95% CI 0.95-3.9) but less likely to have a history of thyroid disease (OR 0.4; 95% CI 0.2-0.8), hypertension (OR 0.4; 95% CI 0.1-0.9) or nonsteroidal estrogen use (OR 0.5; 95% CI 0.2-0.9). Prior hysterectomy (OR 0.5; 95% CI 0.2-0.9) and unilateral oophorectomy (OR 0.2; 95% CI 0.04-0.7) were also associated with reduced risk. The incidence of ovarian cancer in this community in 1975-1991 was little changed from rates 20 years earlier. There has been some improvement in survival from ovarian cancer in this population compared to 1935-1974, but still less than 50% survive for 5 years. Prior hysterectomy and unilateral oophorectomy appear protective for ovarian cancer.
    Annals of Epidemiology 02/2000; 10(1):14-23. · 2.48 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
12 Downloads
Available from
Mar 13, 2014