Tratamento Cirúrgico Conservador da Hidrossalpinge: Laparoscopia ou Microcirurgia?

Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia 01/2001; DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032001001000003
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Objetivos: analisar as taxas de gravidez após realização de correção laparoscópica e microcirúrgica de hidrossalpinge. Métodos: no período de julho de 1996 a maio de 1999, foram tratadas 39 pacientes com hidrossalpinge, segundo protocolo de pesquisa previamente aprovado. As pacientes foram distribuídas, por sorteio, em dois grupos, de acordo com o tipo de acesso cirúrgico a ser utilizado: salpingostomia laparoscópica ou por laparotomia. Para análise dos resultados, as pacientes foram estratificadas de acordo com o grau de lesão tubária e as taxas de gestação nos dois grupos foram anotadas durante um intervalo de 24 meses. Resultados: as taxas de gravidez foram de 35,3 e 33,3%, respectivamente, após laparoscopia e microcirurgia. Em relação à gravidade da lesão tubária, 66,7% das pacientes com lesões leves e 21,7% das pacientes com lesões moderadas obtiveram sucesso na concepção. As taxas cumulativas de gravidez em um e dois anos, respectivamente, foram de 25,0 e 34,4%. Houve um caso de gestação ectópica, correspondendo a 9,1% de todas as gestações. Conclusões: pacientes com lesão tubária leve ou moderada podem ser tratadas inicialmente por cirurgia e o sucesso na concepção é inversamente proporcional ao grau de acometimento tubário.

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