Article

Influência da temperatura e do molhamento foliar no monociclo da mancha de alternaria em girassol

Fitopatologia Brasileira 01/2002; DOI: 10.1590/S0100-41582002000200012
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT A influência da temperatura (15 °C - 32,5 °C) e da duração do período de molhamento foliar (2 h - 24 h) no desenvolvimento da mancha de Alternaria em girassol (Alternaria helianthi) foi quantificada por meio de estudos em ambiente controlado. Também foi verificada a influência da temperatura no crescimento micelial e na germinação de conídios do fungo, em ensaios in vitro. A densidade relativa de lesões e a severidade foram influenciadas pela temperatura e pela duração do período de molhamento foliar. A doença foi mais severa na temperatura de 25 °C. A temperatura mínima para desenvolvimento da doença, estimada pela função beta generalizada, foi de 13,0 °C e a máxima foi de 35,8 °C. A mancha de Alternaria foi maior com o aumento da duração do período de molhamento foliar, o que foi descrito pelo modelo logístico. A superfície de resposta obtida pela multiplicação das funções beta generalizada e logística teve um bom ajuste para os dados observados (R²=0,87 para densidade relativa de lesões e 0,92 para severidade). O crescimento micelial e a germinação de conídios em função da temperatura também foram descritos pela função beta generalizada. As temperaturas mínimas estimadas para a taxa de crescimento micelial e para a germinação de conídios foram de 5,5 °C e 7,9 °C e as máximas foram de 32,9 °C e 40,0 °C, respectivamente. Na avaliação de dez híbridos de girassol inoculados artificialmente, em condições controladas, houve diferença entre os materiais quanto à resistência à infecção e à colonização por A. helianthi.

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