Identificação das estruturas músculo-ligamentares do assoalho pélvico feminino na ressonância magnética

Radiologia Brasileira 01/2001; 34(6). DOI: 10.1590/S0100-39842001000600004
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT OBJETIVO: Determinar a freqüência de identificação das estruturas músculo-ligamentares do assoalho pélvico por meio de exames de ressonância magnética e avaliar o índice de concordância entre os observadores. MÉTODO: Estudo prospectivo em 20 voluntárias assintomáticas, idade de 20 a 80 anos (média de 50 anos). Realizados exames de ressonância magnética pélvica (1,5 T) nas seqüências turbo spin-eco ponderadas em T1 e T2 nos planos axial e sagital. Os exames foram avaliados por dois observadores independentes, que procuraram identificar os músculos levantador do ânus (músculos coccígeo, pubococcígeo, iliococcígeo e puborretal), obturador interno e compressor da uretra e os ligamentos pubovesical e pubouretral. Os resultados foram comparados com base na freqüência de identificação das estruturas anatômicas e na concordância entre os observadores (índice kappa -- kapa). RESULTADOS: A freqüência de identificação das estruturas variou de 50% a 100%, sendo pouco inferior para os ligamentos. A concordância interobservador na identificação das estruturas foi a seguinte: músculos levantador do ânus e obturador interno (kapa=1), pubococcígeo (kapa=0,62), iliococcígeo (kapa=0,86), puborretal (kapa=0,27), coccígeo (kapa=0) e compressor da uretra (kapa=1), e ligamentos pubovesical (kapa=0,50) e pubouretral (kapa=0,58). CONCLUSÃO: A ressonância magnética de pelve permite identificar as principais estruturas músculo-ligamentares do assoalho pélvico na grande maioria dos indivíduos, com boa concordância interobservador.


Available from: Suzan M Goldman, Jun 09, 2015
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